• Crisis Severity ?
    2.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Overview

15/09/2020

Heavy rains beginning 28 July across large parts of Sudan are causing riverine and flashfloods.  The heavy rainfall has killed 110 people and affected more than 650,000 people across 17 of the country’s 18 states. West Kordofan, also home to over 60,000 South Sudanese refugees, is currently the worst affected state. The government of Sudan declared a three-month national state of emergency on 5 September.?

The flooding is aggravating food insecurity in Sudan, with parts of the population already facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) levels, and impeding effective aid delivery to those in need.Staple food prices are predicted to remain high, preventing general access to food for poor households, due to the combination of the economic crisis, ongoing conflict, and COVID-19 pandemic.?

Latest Developments

15/10/2020

15/10/2020: At least 10 million people (an increase of 4.4 million since April 2020) are at risk of contracting communicable diseases due to extensive flooding in Sudan since July. 10 million are vulnerable to waterborne diseases (e.g., cholera), and 4.5 million to vector-borne diseases (e.g., malaria). Large areas of stagnant water are providing ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes and increase the risk of vector-borne disease outbreaks. Malaria has reached epidemic levels in at least 11 states. Some 30,000 latrines have collapsed country-wide, also increasing the potential of disease spread. The severe flooding has damaged thousands of health facilities and contaminated more than 30% of freshwater reserves across 13 states. As of 11 October, 63% of the population do not have access to basic sanitation and 40% lack access to potable water.?

14/10/2020: The government of Sudan declared a three-month national state of emergency on 5 September due to severe flooding now engulfing all 18 of its states. The Nile River has risen to a century high at 17.58 metres. The heavy rainfall has killed 155 people to date, and affected more than 875,000 people across the country since July, including 125,000 IDPs and refugees. More than half of those affected (54 percent) are in the states of Khartoum, North Darfur, West Darfur, Blue Nile, and Sennar. The flooding is aggravating food security countrywide, with some areas already facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. Rising water levels and consequent landslides have blocked roads and are impeding effective aid delivery to those in need. The situation is expected to worsen with heavy rainfall forecast in the coming weeks. Staple food prices are expected to remain high, preventing general access to food for poor households, due to the combination of the economic crisis, ongoing conflict, floods, and COVID-19 pandemic.?

01/10/2020: 2.2 million hectares (one-third) of Sudan's cultivated land was destroyed by recent flooding. 108,000 heads of livestock and 1.1 million metric tons of grain were lost. 600,000 households were immediately impacted and 3 million people are now at risk of a severe deterioration in food security.?

Key priorities

11/09/2020

Shelter and NFIs: More than 100,000 are reported damaged or destroyed; and several hundred people are homeless. Some of the displaced are sheltering in schools. Household items and assets were washed away.?

WASH: Drinking water sources have been contaminated and toilets damaged. Extensive stagnant water and inadequate waste disposal is increasing the risk and spread of disease.?

Livelihoods: Heavy rainfall hampers crop production. The floods damaged 1,700 ha of agricultural land and killed 5,500 head of livestock. ?