Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 161 Fatalities reported [?]
The Western Mediterranean route from North Africa (mainly Morocco and Algeria) to Spain is an important crossing for migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe by sea. Algeria, Mali, and Morocco were the main countries of origin of migrants and asylum seekers arriving in Spain in 2020. ?
Over 41,900 migrants and refugees reached Spain by sea during 2021. The number of people arriving in Spain peaked in 2018 (over 58,500 by sea) and declined in 2019 (over 26,000). In 2020, Spain recorded over 40,300 arrivals, showing a fluctuation in the number of new arrivals since 2018.?
Over 375 people have died in the Western Mediterranean during 2021 compared to over 340 in 2020 – a 10% increase.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
MIGRANTS MONTHLY DEATHS IN 2021 AND 2022
Source : IOM Missing Migrants - https://missingmigrants.iom.int/region/mediterranean?migrant_route%5B%5D=1376
Sea arrivals to Spain in 2021 and 2022
Source : UNHCR - https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mediterranean/location/5226
MIGRANTS DEATHS SINCE 2014
Source : IOM Missing Migrants - https://missingmigrants.iom.int/region/mediterranean?migrant_route%5B%5D=1378