Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Five years of civil war have led to widespread human rights violations large-scale internal displacement and refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, as well as largely deteriorated food security. Clashes continue despite a peace agreement in 2018, causing further displacements. Intercommunal violence is widespread, with cattle raids a common source of tension, particularly between agro-pastoralist communities. Over 4.5 million people are estimated to be displaced, including 1.83 million IDPs and 2.29 million South Sudanese refugees. In addition, South Sudan host nearly 300,000 refugees from Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia and CAR.?Severe food insecurity persists across South Sudan, affecting 6.45 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties. The conflict and displacement have led to disruptions of food production, livelihoods, and humanitarian assistance, as well as deterioration of the economy. ?The main rainy season from June-September has a significant impact on road access. Attacks and ambushes on humanitarian convoys severely hamper the delivery of assistance and access to populations in need. ?
INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, down from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.?
02/07: The onset of heavy rains in South Sudan in June is worsening the already dire humanitarian situation. In Fangak state, where up to 30,000 people might be affected, the rains and subsequent flooding have destroyed sources of livelihood, increasing food insecurity. Lack of shelter and WASH facilities will likely increase health needs and the risk of waterborne diseases. In mid June in Kapoeta state, houses collapsed because of the flooding, causing the death of 35 people and leaving many other homeless. The heavy rains in Twic country, Jonglei state have destroyed hundreds of houses and farms, and also made roads leading to this area impassable leaving the communities affected cut off from any supply. Prices in the markets are already increasing and restricted access is preventing the distribution of medicines while 123 cases of diarrhoea have been reported. ?
26/06: South Sudan is among the countries experiencing an upsurge of measles cases. Since the beginning of 2019, measles outbreaks have been confirmed in 13 counties and four Protection of Civilian sites (PoCs) housing displaced populations. As of 9 June, 1,187 cases have been reported, affecting over 908 children and claiming at least seven lives. Five children from Wau have also died from suspected measles. The risk of the disease spreading is higher among displaced populations as they move in and out of PoCs where outbreaks have been confirmed. ?
VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS
Signing of the peace agreement in September 2018 has resulted in decreased hostilities overall, yet access constraints persist, including violence against humanitarian personnel, restriction of movement, and bureaucratic impediments. Access gains from late August, after 4 months of no humanitarian access, were sustained in Greater Baggari, Western Bahr el Ghazal and movement improved in Jonglei and Upper Nile states, although non-state civilian authorities and security forces continue to impose bureaucratic restrictions in these states. Clashes between signatories and non-signatories of the peace agreement increased road insecurity in January 2019 around Yei, Central Equatoria, limiting humanitarian operations including Ebola preparedness. Disruption to humanitarian imports are recorded since December, following a presidential decree on custom exemptions. Multiple taxations and widespread looting are also interfering with humanitarian operations.
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