Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Five years of civil war have led to widespread human rights violations large-scale internal displacement and refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, as well as largely deteriorated food security. Clashes continue despite a peace agreement in 2018, causing further displacements. Intercommunal violence is widespread, with cattle raids a common source of tension, particularly between agro-pastoralist communities. Over 4.5 million people are estimated to be displaced, including 1.83 million IDPs and 2.29 million South Sudanese refugees. In addition, South Sudan host nearly 300,000 refugees from Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia and CAR.?Severe food insecurity persists across South Sudan, affecting 6.45 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties. The conflict and displacement have led to disruptions of food production, livelihoods, and humanitarian assistance, as well as deterioration of the economy. ?The main rainy season from June-September has a significant impact on road access. Attacks and ambushes on humanitarian convoys severely hamper the delivery of assistance and access to populations in need. ?
INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, down from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.?
16/09: Although above-average rainfall in the past weeks has positively impacted crop production prospects, flooding has been reported countrywide causing fatalities, destruction of homes, infrastructure, water sources and crop fields. As of mid-September, an estimated 234,0000 people have been displaced by the floods across the country, including 132,800 people in Jonglei, 52,000 people in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, around 37,000 people in Unity, around 8,000 people in Eastern Equatorian and 5,000 in Upper Nile. Numbers are constantly increasing as impact assessments are still ongoing. Most displaced people are lacking food, shelter, and healthcare. Access to many areas remains challenging as flooded roads render impassible and bridges have been destroyed. ?
VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS
Signing of the peace agreement in September 2018 has resulted in decreased hostilities overall, yet access constraints persist, including violence against humanitarian personnel, restriction of movement, and bureaucratic impediments. Access gains from late August, after 4 months of no humanitarian access, were sustained in Greater Baggari, Western Bahr el Ghazal and movement improved in Jonglei and Upper Nile states, although non-state civilian authorities and security forces continue to impose bureaucratic restrictions in these states. Clashes between signatories and non-signatories of the peace agreement increased road insecurity in January 2019 around Yei, Central Equatoria, limiting humanitarian operations including Ebola preparedness. Disruption to humanitarian imports are recorded since December, following a presidential decree on custom exemptions. Multiple taxations and widespread looting are also interfering with humanitarian operations.
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