• Crisis Severity ?
    4.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    5.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 12,400,000 Total population [?]
  • 5,502,000 People displaced [?]
  • 8,900,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

18/12/2020

Special Reports

12/08/2020

Overview

04/08/2022

Since December 2013, South Sudan has experienced intermittent civil war and intercommunal and localised violence. This environment has resulted in widespread insecurity, large-scale internal displacement, increased refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, and deteriorating food security. 8.9 million people in South Sudan are in need of humanitarian assistance in 2022.?

The latest peace agreement in South Sudan – the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan – was signed in 2018. The agreement has led to a fragile truce and resulted in the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity in February 2020. While hostility between the Government and the main opposition has decreased, localised violence has surged because of conflict over land and resources, cattle raiding, and reprisal attacks.?

The surge in intercommunal violence throughout South Sudan affected less civilians in 2021 than in 2020. There were 3,414 victims of killing, injury, abduction, and conflict-related sexual violence in 2021. In 2021, Warrap and Western Equatoria states were most affected by conflict, accounting for 43% of the total civilian victims.?

Since 2013, more than four million people have been displaced, including 2.2 million IDPs and 2.3 million South Sudanese refugees. South Sudan hosts about 341,000 refugees from Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and the Central African Republic.?

INFORM estimates South Sudan's humanitarian crisis and disaster risk for 2022 to be very high, at 8.5/10. The lack of coping capacity is estimated at 9.5/10, and vulnerability is estimated at 9/10.?

Latest Developments

21/09/2022

21/09: Flooding in Aweil East, Aweil South, Aweil Municipality, and Aweil Centre counties (Northern Bhar el Ghazal state), following heavy rainfall in July–August, has affected at least 225,000 people (latest estimates by state authorities suggest over 800,000 people were affected in all state counties) and displaced around 84,000. 1,600 buildings were damaged, including homes and schools. Aweil East is the most affected, with 67,000 IDPs taking refuge within host communities in the same county. Of the 17,000 people displaced in Aweil South, Aweil Municipality, and Aweil Centre, some are living out in the open, under trees, and by roadsides, while others found refuge in schools and health centres. IDPs in the open are more susceptible to contracting malaria, pneumonia, or diarrhoea. At least 10,500 hectares of cropland were flooded, which could further worsen food insecurity. The people affected by flooding have needs across all sectors. Accessing some affected areas by road is difficult because of poor road conditions, worsened by flooding.?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

Very high constraints

South Sudan faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Food Security

03/08/2022

An estimated 7.74 million people (63% of the country’s population) will be facing Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) levels of food insecurity in South Sudan for the projected period of April–July 2022. This is an increase of almost one million people compared to the 6.83 million who faced Crisis or worse levels in the period February–March 2022. It is estimated that 87,000 people will experience IPC Phase 5 levels in Fangak, Canal/Pigi and Ayod counties (Jonglei State), Pibor Administrative Area, Cueibet and Rumbek North counties (Lakes State), Leer and Mayendit counties (Unity State) for the projected period of April–July 2022.?

Elevated levels of food insecurity are contributing to high levels of malnutrition; about 1.34 million children aged under five years old are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition in 2022, particularly in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity states.?

Key drivers of the high levels of acute food insecurity in the country include climate shocks(flooding, dry spells), conflict and insecurity, and population displacements, as well as diseases and pests that negatively affect crop production, access to food, and livelihoods. The economic crisis (linked to depreciation of the local currency), compounded by the effects of COVID-19, and the overall limited access to basic services have also contributed to asset depletion and loss of livelihoods, increasing food insecurity and malnutrition across the country.?

Health

03/08/2022

The health sector in South Sudan has been facing many challenges since the country gained independence ten years ago. Protracted conflict, the effects of climate change, high poverty levels, and inadequate infrastructure have slowed down efforts to improve the healthcare system. Insufficient government funding has resulted in inadequate and understaffed public health facilities. Many health workers choose to work in private health facilities or for NGOs. Consequently, NGOs have attempted to support the Government in offering health services, but they also face funding constraints. Only 40% of all health care facilities in South Sudan are currently operational. ?

For most South Sudanese, accessing healthcare remains a big challenge because of poor infrastructure in remote areas and lack of ambulances. For many, the only way to reach health centres is on foot, with journeys spanning several hours or even days. This causes deaths from treatable diseases, especially in remote areas, as some patients die during the journey to seek medical attention. According to UNICEF data for 2019, South Sudan had one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world, with 62 deaths for every 1,000 live births. With 80% of the population below the poverty line, the cost of healthcare is an additional barrier to access.?

Health workers often fall victim to violence in South Sudan, facing threats, intimidation, and frequent attacks. In 2021, at least 12 health workers were killed and 12 injured.?