• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Overview

21/11/2022

South Sudan is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. For one, the country has gone through severe flooding each year since 2019.? The rainy season typically runs from April–November.? Since August 2022, rainfall levels have increased, resulting in more intense flash and riverine floods in many parts of the country.? As a result, the Government of South Sudan declared the flood-affected states as national disaster areas on 9 September. ?

The extent of flooding more than doubled between early August and early October, from 22,000km2 to 48,000km2 of South Sudan’s landmass.? By 28 October, the floods had affected more than one million people. Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Warrap, and Western Equatoria states were the most affected.?

The floods have damaged or destroyed buildings (houses, schools, health facilities) and transport infrastructure (roads, bridges). Damage to farmland and livestock losses are likely to worsen food insecurity.?

Flooding has also caused widespread displacement and compounded existing humanitarian needs for people displaced since the 2019 floods.? Recurrent flooding worsens the existing vulnerabilities of the affected population, which include high absolute poverty rates, limited access to basic services, a high prevalence of disease outbreaks, and widespread displacement.?

The response to the floods faces access constraints because of insecurity in some areas, flooded roads, damaged bridges, and flooded airstrips. The inadequate air transport capacity of humanitarian responders is also causing delays, and funding constraints are leading to shortages in essential supplies, such as NFIs.?

Latest Developments

21/11/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities

21/11/2022

Food security and livelihoods: the floods have destroyed more than 37,000 tons of crops and killed 800,000 cattle, disrupting livelihoods and likely worsening acute food insecurity in the country.?

Health: flooding has destroyed at least 121 health facilities, affecting healthcare access for many affected people, including more than 300,000 children. Cases of malaria, diarrhoea, intestinal worms, pneumonia, anaemia, and skin infections have increased, but there are fewer functional health facilities accessible to patients. Access constraints arising from the floods have also hindered immunisation services for children aged under five, which could lead to outbreaks of preventable diseases.?

Shelter: flood-affected people need shelter kits and NFIs, such as plastic sheets, mosquito nets, and blankets.?

Education: floodwaters have either damaged or cut off 877 schools, disrupting education for 427,000 children. These children need temporary learning spaces, learning materials like books, and psychosocial support.?