• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,261,000 People exposed [?]
  • 34,000 People in Need [?]
  • 12,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Despite conflict and the humanitarian situation in Yemen, migrants and refugees continue to depart from Berbera in Somaliland and Bosaso in Puntland, across the Gulf of Aden, to Yemen and onward to Saudi Arabia, other Gulf States, and the Middle East.?While the majority of those trying to reach Yemen are from Ethiopia, and previously reached Yemen via Djibouti, departure from Somalia to Yemen has become the preferred route in recent years.?

People in transit to Yemen require life-saving humanitarian assistance in Somalia, including medical services, water, shelter, food, and information sharing, so they can make informed decisions on whether to return or proceed with their journey. Those in vulnerable situations require health and sexual and gender-based violence assistance, psychosocial support, and protection referrals. Large numbers of unaccompanied and separated children are a particular concern, and need referral to specialised child protection agencies.?

The route also sees refugee movement from Yemen towards the Horn of Africa as people flee war.?Major refugee movements (over 1,000 people per year) are known to occur from Yemen to Somalia across the Gulf of Aden.?This has resulted in unique, two-way movement of people.?

INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access


Access and security in northern Somalia is relatively better than in other parts of the country.?However, Al Shabaab has recently stepped up its presence in the north, particularly in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, where it has carried out attacks in the regional capital of Bosaso, one of the main points of departure for migrants and refugees across the Gulf of Aden to Yemen.?There is also an Islamic State presence in Puntland, however it remains small compared to Al Shabab, with whom it fights for dominance in the region.?Puntland and Somaliland are engaged in a standoff over long-contested areas Sool and Sanaag, which may restrict access in the two disputed regions.?