Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Somalia: Gu season floods
Hagaa (July-September) seasonal rains have triggered a new wave of riverine and flash flooding. At end July an estimated 191,800 people are affected and 124,000 people displaced. The floods have affected Hirshabelle, South West, and Jubaland states and Banaadir region.?
The earlier Gu (April-June) seasonal rains triggered flooding along the Juba and Shabelle river valleys, as the river levels rose. Gu seasonal flooding affected most of Somalia and around 919,000 people, of whom 412,000 were displaced nationwide. Some 29 districts, particularly Belet Weyne in Hiraan region (Hirshabelle state), were affected. In June, 12,000 of the 240,000 flood-displaced people in Belet Weyne district have returned to their homes. Some of the 26,000 displaced people in Lower Shabelle region have also started to return home. An estimated 149,000 hectares of farmland have been damaged by floods in 100 villages in Jowhar, Mahady and Balcad districts, Middle Shabelle since May.?
Rains are expected to trigger a spike in diarrhoea and cholera cases due to poor sanitation and inadequate health services. The presence of mosquitoes has reportedly increased in the flood-affected districts, leading to concerns of a potential malaria outbreak.?
Severe flash floods have already caused massive destruction of homes, latrines, and shelters. Shelter/NFIs, food, WASH, nutrition assistance, and COVID-19 awareness are among the most urgent humanitarian needs.?
14/08/2020: Latest figures from UNHCR show a rising year-to-year trend in flood-based displacement in Somalia, with floods in 2018 and 2019 displacing 281,000 and 416,000 people respectively. Since the beginning of 2020, extreme flooding displaced over 650,000 people across the country.?
During the floods, the risk of disease outbreaks is high due to crowding in areas where displaced people are seeking temporary shelter and limited access to safe water and sanitation. There are concerns about an increased number of cases of acute watery diarrhoea and cholera.
As of 26 June, there are 4,251 suspected cholera cases in the country this year and 23 associated deaths. Throughout 2019 the country reported 3,069 suspected cases. There is an urgent need for essential medical supplies, including oral rehydration solution and cholera salines for affected. ?
Shelter and NFIs: floods and landslides have caused destruction of infrastructure and property across the country. More than 400,000 people are in need of emergency shelter assitance.?
WASH: emergency water supply temporary distribution systems and emergency sanitation is needed in relocation sites to avoid the spread of water-borne diseases. ?
- The living conditions of the returnees
- Information about whether or not people displaced by the Gu floods were displaced for a second time due to the Hagaa floods.