Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Somalia: Gu season floods
Heavy rain has affected most of Somalia since 20 April, as the 2020 Gu (April-June) seasonal rains continue to intensify, triggering flash floods in several regions.
As of 16 May, an estimated 918,000 people have been affected of whom 412,000 people have been displaced nationwide. 29 districts are affected, particularly Belet Weyne in Hiran regions. Flash floods were also reported in Bay and Bakool regions, with some IDP settlements affected in Baidoa town. More rains are expected in the coming weeks, with further flash flooding likely in the northern regions.
There was a rise in the level of the Shabelle river and a river breakage in Lower Shabelle Region. Riverine flooding has also occurred along the Juba River.
Rains are expected to trigger a spike in the number of cases of diarrhoea and cholera due to poor sanitation and inadequate health services across the country.
Higher than normal precipitation could create ideal conditions for the development of a third generation of desert locust infestation in the country. Somalia is currently experiencing the worst desert locust infestation in the last 25 years.
Severe flash floods have already caused massive destruction of houses, latrines, and shelters and at least six deaths. Shelter, food, and WASH are among the most urgent humanitarian needs.?
During the floods, the risk of disease outbreaks is high due to crowding in areas where displaced people are seeking temporary shelter and limited access to safe water and sanitation. There are concerns about an increased number of cases of acute watery diarrhoea and cholera.
As of 14 May, there are 3,193 suspected cholera cases in the country and 15 associated deaths. Throughout 2019 the country reported 3,069 suspected cases. There is an urgent need for essential medical supplies, including oral rehydration solution and cholera salines for affected. ?