Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.5.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The Deyr rains (September-December) have caused flooding across Somalia, primarily in southern parts of the country. Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in Jubaland, South West, and Hirshabelle states. As of 5 December, 570,000 people have been affected, including more than 300,000 people who have been displaced. Riverine flooding has occurred mainly along the Juba and Shabelle rivers?
The floods have damaged infrastructure and rendered some areas inaccessible, complicating the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Concerns around food security and livelihoods are high as approximately 207,000 hectares of land have been inundated as of 5 December?
12/12: On 6 December, tropical cyclone Pawan hit the state of Puntland, Somalia. The regions of Bari and Nugaal were particularly hit with strong winds, heavy rains and flash floods. Houses and property were damaged or destroyed, leading to the displacement of around 4,800 people. According to UN OCHA, at least 32,000 people have lost their livelihoods, as fishing boats, livestock, and more than 700 farms were destroyed. Transport infrastructure was also damaged, including 4 main roads, which has impeded the delivery of humanitarian assistance.?
05/12: As of 5 December, 80,000 displaced out of 240,000 displaced have been able to return home to the heavily flooded Beledweyne. However, further heavy rains are forecasted for the upcoming week until 10 December, likely leading to further flooding and an increased need for humanitarian intervention. ?
Food: The impact the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. While in some regions the rains have led to improvements for pastures, crops, and livestock body conditions, flooding has destroyed fields, crops, and inundated farmland in others. Approximately 207,000 hectares of land have been inundated by the floods. ?
Shelter: More than 370,000 people have been displaced due to the floods in Somalia, including more than 34,000 IDPs. ?
WASH: 300,000 people in need of emergency sanitation and 245,000 people in need of emergency safe water. ?