Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Somalia is very vulnerable to natural hazards and has experienced 12 droughts since 1990. In April 2021, some areas in the country began experiencing drought conditions ranging from mild to severe after a below-average 2020 Deyr rainy season (October–December). As at December 2021, around 90% of Somalia’s territory was in severe drought conditions after three consecutive below-average rainy seasons. The drought is expected to worsen further with the upcoming Jilaal dry season (January–March). ?
Drought has affected nearly 3.2 million people throughout Somalia and resulted in the displacement of 169,000 people. The Somali population has pre-existing vulnerabilities related to high poverty rates and the compounded effects of long-term conflict and recurrent natural disasters. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Food and livelihoods: The drought has led to poor harvest yields and worsened food insecurity in Somalia. Some livestock has died from lack of pasture and water, disrupting livelihoods for pastoralist communities. Households’ purchasing power in drought-affected communities has declined, as the prices of basic commodities such as cereals, water, and livestock feed have risen in drought-affected areas. ?
WASH: There are severe water shortages throughout Somalia, as water catchments and some boreholes have dried up. Access to safe water and sanitation and hygiene facilities is inadequate, heightening the risk of spread of waterborne diseases such as cholera and acute watery diarrhoea. ?
Health and Nutrition: Limited access to safe water has caused a surge in waterborne diseases, particularly in Galmudug, Hirshabelle, and Puntland states. Throughout Somalia, 1.2 million children under the age of five also need treatment for acute malnutrition.?