Over 2.6 million people are internally displaced in Somalia across an estimated 2,000 IDP sites.?As of October 2018, 831,000 internal displacements have been recorded due to conflicts, natural disasters, and food insecurity.?Areas hosting the most IDPs include Lower Shabelle and Mogadishu (593,000 people) and Bay region (335,000 people).?Nearly 1.3 million of the displaced are children and some people have been displaced for nearly two decades.?Drought conditions have displaced more than 1.1 million people since November 2016.?
IDPs fleeing conflict, drought, and floods continue to arrive in Mogadishu, further overstretching resources. IDPs live in informal camps and are vulnerable to malnutrition and diseases, as well as evictions. Humanitarian needs include food, shelter, WASH, and protection. Mogadishu is the main destination for IDPs in Somalia. Over 340,000 IDPs have fled there in the first half of 2018, pushing the total number of IDPs in the city to around 600,000. The recent influx has made Mogadishu Africa’s most crowded city. Somalia’s displacement crisis is characterised by a strong rural-to-urban movement trend. It is estimated that as many as 2.2 million of the total 2.6 million IDPs are living in settlements in urban and peri-urban areas, with the highest proportions located in and around the cities of Mogadishu, Baidoa, Galkacyo, and Kismayo.?
The Deyr (September-December) rainy season started in some parts of the country in September.?Contrary to earlier forecasts, the 2018 - 2019 Deyr seasonal rainfall is now expected to be below-average despite the development of a weak El Niño, reducing the risk of displacement in low lying areas due to flooding.?
Drought displaced 198,000 people in the first eight months of 2018, far fewer than the 837,000 displaced by drought in the same period in 2017. Bay region hosts the most drought-displaced people in the country (about 314,000).?
Over 800 families (4,800 people) have been displaced by clashes between armed pastoralists over water and pasture resources in Galgaduud region, central Somalia, since mid-November. IDPs are camping in the open in Galinsoor and Deqlo villages and relying on handouts from local villagers. Humanitarian needs include shelter, food and water. Families are limited to 10L of water every day and local reservoirs are drying up. IDPs need humanitarian assistance as host communities struggle to provide support, with community leaders calling on aid agencies to assist them as soon as possible. The district commissioner has also reported that his administration does not have the capacity to provide for the basic needs of the IDPS. At least 10 people have been killed and several injured since the start of the conflict in November and the SNA has been deployed to intervene.?
In October around 12,000 people were displaced in the Hiraan and Middle Shabelle regions of central Somalia due to clashes between Al Shabaab and SNA forces, backed by AMISOM. Families fled rural areas and towards towns as SNA and AMISOM forces conducted operations to capture Al Shabaab held villages. With no established IDP camps, families are camping in the towns of Jalalaqsi and Bala’d. According to local officials humanitarian needs include food and other emergency supplies.?Conflict and violence displaced an estimated 204,000 people across Somalia between January and August.?Clashes between Al Shabaab and government forces/AMISOM have continued to cause new displacement in the southeast.?In Lower Shabelle region 34,000 people, mostly women and children, have fled violence in areas near Afgooye and Merca towns since a joint SNA and AMISOM offensive began against Al Shabaab in August. This displacement has resulted in a significant increase in humanitarian needs, particulary in areas that are hard to reach and in Mogadishu, to which most of the displaced have fled.?