An estimated 2.6 million people are internally displaced in Somalia.?The main reasons for displacement are food insecurity, conflict, and natural disasters.? Nearly 1.3 million are children.? Some people have been displaced for nearly two decades.? Drought conditions have displaced over 1.1 million people since November 2016.?
Tropical cyclone sagar
Cyclone Sagar, one of the strongest storms ever recorded in Somalia, made landfall in northwest Somaliland on 19 May, affecting 228,000 people in Somaliland and Puntland.?The most affected areas in Somaliland were Woqooyi Galbeed and Awdal regions.?
In Somaliland, around 168,000 people have been affected in five districts by the cyclone. ?2,590 people have been displaced.?50 fatalities have been reported and 70 people are missing. Humanitarian needs include food, WASH, health, shelter, and NFIs. ?
In Puntland, around 60,800 people have been affected by the cyclone, mainly in the coastal towns of Bari region. Three people were reported dead in Bari.?
At least 80% of livestock in some of the affected areas were lost and 700 farms have been devastated. ?This is likely to worsen food insecurity in a region where food and nutrition is already an issue.
The Gu rainy season started in late February, one month earlier than usual, across the country. ?Heavy rains in flood-prone areas mainly in southern and central regions since April caused flash and river floods in many locations, leading to displacement (see Somalia Rainfall Performance below).?Thirteen districts across Somalia have been affected by riverine flooding and 16 districts by flash flooding.? Displacement settlements were affected, worsening conditions in overcrowded IDP settlements and leading to secondary displacement. IDPs are living in improvised shelters and they have limited access to sanitation facilities, increasing the risk of waterborne disease. ?
Over 830,000 people have been affected and more than 290,000 people have been displaced, mainly in Banaadir, Hirshabelle, South West, Galmudug, Sool, and Jubaland states.?21 fatalities have been confirmed, in Hirshabelle (9), Jubaland (4) and Banaadir (8).? In Beledweyne district (Hiraan region), 214,000 people are estimated to have been affected, including over 110,000 displaced by flooding.?
In Somalia and Ethiopian highlands, rainfall has reduced since 21 May. ?As of 20 June, no rainfall was recorded in the south, the central regions, or the northeast of the country since 11 June. Light to moderate rains were reported in parts of the northwest. ? However, water logging is still widespread in the flooded areas. ?Humanitarian needs in flooding affected areas include shelter, NFI, education, food, health, and nutrition programmes. ?
In 2018, 154,000 people have been displaced by drought as of 30 May, a significant decrease compared to 702,000 people displaced by drought from 1 January to 30 May 2017.?Bay region hosts the highest number of drought-displaced people in the country at approximately 322,000. ? The humanitarian situation in IDP settlements has continuously deteriorated. IDP settlements, including in Baidoa and Mogadishu, have been strained by the high numbers of new arrivals in need of humanitarian assistance, and settlements are particularly affected by food insecurity and malnutrition. In Baidoa, Bay region, the IDP population increased from 70,000 before the drought to approximately 350,000, which is higher than Baidoa's host population. ?
Since 15 May, heavy fighting between Somaliland and Puntland troops have displaced around 10,000 people in both regions. The sides are fighting over the ownership of Tukaraq village (close to Garowe, the capital of Puntland).?
An estimated 339,000 people have been displaced by conflict across Somalia since January 2017. Lower Shabelle is the region most affected by displacement.?
In areas controlled by armed groups, forced recruitment of children drives displacement, for example in Galgaduud and Lower Shabelle, where families flee to protect their children.?