An estimated 2.6 million people are internally displaced in Somalia. Areas hosting the most IDPs include Mogadishu and Bay region.?The main reasons for displacement are food insecurity, conflict, and natural disasters.? Nearly 1.3 million of the displaced are children.? Some people have been displaced for nearly two decades.? Drought conditions have displaced more than 1.1 million people since November 2016.?
Since April, heavy rains in flood-prone areas mainly in southern and central regions caused flash and river floods in multiple locations, leading to displacement (see Somalia Rainfall Performance below).? Conditions worsened in overcrowded IDP settlements and led to secondary displacement. ? Over 830,000 people were affected and more than 290,000 displaced during the Gu season, mainly in Banaadir, Hirshabelle, South West, Galmudug, Sool, and Jubaland states.? In Beledweyne district (Hiraan region), 214,000 people were estimated to have been affected, including over 110,000 displaced by flooding.?
Above-average Deyr (October-December) rains are forecast in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands (which contribute significantly to the flow into the main rivers in Somalia). The Deyr rainy season is expected to start earlier than normal, which means a greater risk of flooding along Juba and Shabelle rivers. Flash floods can be expected in flood-prone, low-lying areas. A likely second consecutive season of flooding will cause displacement and crop loss.?
As of 20 May, drought has displaced 154,000 people in 2018, far fewer than the 702,000 displaced by drought from 1 January to 30 May 2017.? Bay region hosts the most drought-displaced people in the country (about 322,000). ?
Conflict and violence displaced an estimated 341,000 people across Somalia between January and June. Conflict escalated in Somaliland and Puntland, particularly in the disputed areas of Sool and Sanaag regions. Clashes between Al Shabaab and government forces/AMISOM continued to cause new displacements in the southeast. ?
Tropical cyclone sagar
Cyclone Sagar, one of the strongest storms ever recorded in Somalia, made landfall in northwest Somaliland on 19 May. 228,000 people were affected in Somaliland and Puntland.? The most affected areas in Somaliland were Woqooyi Galbeed and Awdal regions.?