Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 70,090 Refugees from Burundi [?]
Congolese and Burundian refugees fleeing political persecution, economic, and social unrest continue to cross into Rwanda, stretching already inadequate resources and posing potential risks to food security in the country. Agriculture is central to Rwanda’s economy and 89% of rural households rely on small-scale farming. Climate change however will likely intensify rainfall, leading to floods in the central, north and south. Prolonged dry seasons in the east and southeast are also likely to intensify droughts across farming communities. Most of the over 75,800 Congolese and about 50,400 Burundian refugees stay in camps, and rely almost entirely on food assistance. They also have limited access to electricity and clean drinking water. Whereas most Burundians entered Rwanda after May 2015 and some have been returning to Burundi, most of the Congolese refugee population have been in Rwanda since 1996 and have limited prospects for repatriation. Continued political instability and social unrest in both Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo may lead to more arrivals.?
From mid-November 2022 to 23 February 2023, 5,370 asylum seekers arrived in Rwanda from the DRC due to an escalation of conflict in North Kivu. Around 3,600 asylum seekers are in Nkamira transit site (Rubavu district), while 1,770 are in Mahama camp (Kirehe district). They need food, healthcare, and additional shelters and latrines. Health facilities in the sites and camps need more medical staff and supply of essential medicines.?