Since fighting broke out on 23 May in Marawi City, Lanao del Sur, displacement has occurred from Marawi City and the neighbouring Marantao municipality. As of 22 June, more than 294,000 people were still displaced, around 16,000 of whom were hosted in evacuation centres (ECs). Ongoing conflict in Marawi City prevents the return of displaced people and has left between 300-500 people trapped in areas controlled by IS-affiliated groups. The government of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) asked for international assistance on 29 May, including from non-governmental partners.
Since 23 May, fighting has erupted in Marawi city, Lanao del Sur on Mindanao island, between armed forces of Philippines and Maute fighters, allegedly supported by elements of the Abu Sayyaf and Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF). As of 1 June, over 100,000 IDPs have been registered by the regional authorities since 23 May but up to 90% of the 201,000 residents of Marawi are estimated to have fled. According to the authorities, at least 177 people have been killed, including 19 civilians, 120 Maute and allied group members, and 38 security forces personnel. Use of airstrikes by military forces, along enforcement of martial law increase protection concerns.
Typhoon Nock-Ten (locally known as Nina) made eight landfalls on the Philippines between 25 and 26 December, with winds of up to 235 km/h and gusts of up to 285 km/h. Nearly 2 million people have been affected in Bicol region (Region V), Mimaropa, Calabarzon and Eastern Visayas (Region VIII). At least three people were killed.
1.4 million of the affected are in Cantanduanes, Albay, and Camerines Sur, in Bicol region. More than 70% of the 250,000 damaged homes are in Bicol. As of 2 January, nearly 60% (153,861 people) of Cantanduanes’s population was affected and more than 20,000 people were still in evacuation centres. Albay and Camarines Sur provinces, in the same region, are also severely affected.
Early on 20 October 2016, typhoon Haima/Lawin is due to hit the Philippines. Winds up to 185 km/h are expected, and rainfall of 100-200 mm throughout the next two days with local amounts over 300 mm, thus exacerbating the risk of mudslides, especially in higher elevations.
11.6 million people could be affected, mostly in northern Luzon – including 2.8 million in the Cagayun and Isabela provinces, where it will hit the hardest.
The Philippines has been affected by a strong El Niño-related dry spell since December 2015, which has hit food production. El Niño peaked between December and February, and drought affected 40% of the country, and is expected to persist in 2016.
The most drought-affected area is the island of Mindanao in the south, which is the country's poorest area and where more than half of the population is reliant on agriculture. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development, 676,465 people have been affected by drought in the following areas of Mindanao: Cotabato, South Cotabato, and Sultan Kudarat in Soccsksargenand Maguindanao in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The Zamboanga peninsula in Mindanao has been facing severe water shortages.
On 8 November 2013, Typhoon Yolanda (Yolanda) made landfall on Guiuan, in the province of Eastern Samar in the Eastern Visayas region. As the typhoon swept through the central Philippines, it caused extensive damage to houses, livelihoods and infrastructure. Government figures estimate that the typhoon affected 14.1 million people and left 4.1 million displaced. An estimated 102,000 people were in evacuation centres and more than 1.1 million houses were damaged, about half of them completely destroyed. As of January 7th 2013, the confirmed death toll is 6,183.