Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Typhoon Vongfong (locally known as Ambo), was the first oceanic storm of the 2020 season in the northern hemisphere. It made seven landfalls in the Philippines on 14-15 May, beginning in Eastern Samar and moving across Luzon. At least five people died and hundreds were injured. The storm affected an estimated 580,000 people in Eastern Samar, Calabarazon, and Bicol regions, bringing destructive winds, flooding, and landslides.?
Prior to the cyclone, approximately 300,000 people were evacuated. One week later, the evacuation centres were closed and evacuated people returned to their homes.?
Typhoon Vongfong resulted in widespread power outages and more than 60,000 homes were damaged. The largest impact of the cyclone is likely to be on agriculture, with the damage to the country’s agriculture sector expected to be USD 30 billion. Immediate needs include food and NFIs, such as kitchen utensils and mosquito nets, access to clean water, and shelter repair kits for damaged homes.?
The areas affected by Typhoon Ambo are still recovering from Typhoon Tisoy (internationally known as Kammuri), which devastated parts of Luzon and Samar in December 2019.?
There are no recent developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
To see the impact of COVID-19 on the Philippines and Typhoon Vongfong, see the relevant paragraph below.
Health – At least 23 health facilities were damaged in the storm, including the only COVID-19 testing laboratory in Bicol region. Additionally, the Eastern Visayas has been previously impacted by Dengue Fever outbreaks, with more than 1,800 cases between January and February 2020. While cases have been in decline, Stagnant water and inadequate shelter could cause a resurgence of the disease.?
Shelter and NFIs: An estimated 60,000 homes sustained significant damage. Emergency NFIs, especially kitchen utensils, mosquito nets, and blankets, along with shelter repair kits are necessary.?
Impact of COVID-19
The Philippines has reported more than 12,000 cases of COVID-19. The areas most affected by Typhoon Ambo are not considered COVID-19 hotspots, but they remain under different levels of quarantine, which has complicated preparation and response.
The evacuation process was significantly disrupted: evacuation centres operated at 50% capacity to maintain social distancing requirements and evacuees were required to wear a mask. The limited capacity meant that many churches and shopping malls were converted to evacuation centres.
Humanitarian response has been delayed and disrupted by travel restrictions. A lack of protective equipment, which is required for humanitarian responders, has resulted in delays in response and limited the deployment of humanitarian workers. Quarantine and curfew requirements related to COVID-19 have also restricted movement around the affected areas.?
Information Gaps and Needs
There is no severity score for this crisis due to limited information concerning humanitarian needs in the affected areas.