Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Typhoon Nalgae (locally known as Paeng) made its initial landfall in Catanduanes, Bicol region (Region V), on 29 October 2022 before exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility on 31 October. Strong winds and heavy rains resulted in landslides and heavy flooding. The typhoon affected almost the entire country, including six million people. The worst-affected regions were Western Visayas (Region VI), Calabarzon (Region IV-A), and Bangsamoro (BARMM), respectively comprising around 30%, 20%, and 20% of the total affected population. ?
As at 29 November, the typhoon had killed 162 people and injured 270. Around 63,000 people remained displaced, of whom around 80% were living with relatives or friends. The typhoon damaged around 63,000 houses and destroyed 7,000 others. It also destroyed around 95,000 acres of cropland and damaged roads, bridges, flood control projects, and power, communication, and water supply infrastructure. ?
Immediate needs of the affected population include family food packs, potable water, medicine, hygiene kits, shelter, and livelihood assistance, especially for farmers and fishermen. ?
In the past three weeks, three weather systems—low pressure areas (LPAs), Northeast Monsoon, and Shear Line—have affected 13 out of 17 regions of the Philippines, causing the displacement of around 130,000 people. About 80% of the displaced are in the Eastern Visayas region. Most of them found refuge in evacuation centres and they need food, dringking water, and NFIs, including blankets, hygiene and sleeping kits. ?
Food and livelihood: The affected people need food packs that include items such as rice, corned beef, tuna flakes, sardines, beverages like coffee, tea, energy drinks, and juice, noodles, biscuits, and cooking oil. They also need cash assistance so they can initiate livelihood activities. ?
Shelter, rehabilitation, and NFIs: Displaced people need shelter, as the typhoon damaged or destroyed many homes. The affected population need repair and rehabilitation assistance, including construction materials and tools and shelter repair kits. They also need NFIs, including family tents and tarps, blankets, plastic sheets, mosquito nets, clothing, umbrellas, kitchen utensils, solar lamps or flashlights, water containers, and education kits. ?
WASH and health: The affected population, especially the displaced residing in evacuation centres, lack access to potable water and adequate sanitation facilities, such as latrines. They also need hygiene kits, maternity kits, healthcare services and medicine, and psychosocial support, especially for children. ?
Protection : Most of the displaced are residing with relatives or friends, resulting in the overcrowding of houses and a lack of adequate living space. The latter means a lack of privacy, including for women and children, which raises protection concerns. ?