Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Typhoon Goni, locally known as Rolly, made landfall on 1 November in the Bicol region of the Philippines, before moving across the Luzon island group and making landfall a further three times. The typhoon generated torrential rainfall, extensive flooding, landslides, and violent winds that partially or fully destroyed over 241,000 houses, killed 25 people, and contaminated water sources. Eight of the country’s 17 regions were affected by the typhoon. Over 2.5 million people were affected, with 807,533 people initially displaced across evacuation shelters and a further 429,000 with friends or relatives. An estimated 845,000 people are now in need of humanitarian assistance, with over 30,000 still displaced.??
Ten days later, on 11 November, Typhoon Vamco – locally known as Ulysses – made landfall in Quezon province in the Calabarzon region of the Luzon island group. It continued westward, affecting eight regions in total with heavy rains, strong winds, flash floods, and landslides. Over four million people were affected across the regions. Most of the eight regions were also initially hit by Typhoon Goni, including Catanduanes province, which experienced extensive flash floods and landslides, stopping response efforts linked to Typhoon Goni and destroying housing and temporary shelter that had been built in response to Typhoon Goni. Over 669,000 people were initially housed in evacuation centres, of whom 132,000 are still displaced. A further 500,000 people were initially displaced with friends and family; of these, 84,000 remain with friends and family. Over 107,000 houses were partially or totally destroyed and 73 people killed.??
The president declared a state of calamity for the entire Luzon island group, as a result of two typhoons in a short space of time and three cyclones in October. The impact is expected to be long term, with 905,000 people in need and large-scale destruction or damage of 8,500 schools, 350 health facilities, and houses. There was also an estimated 225,893 hectares worth of agricultural and aquatic damage across eight regions. A thick layer of silt and mud submerged rice, corn, and other high-value crops, affecting the main source of livelihood for thousands.?
Over 26,000 people remain displaced in evacuation shelters as a result of Typhoon Goni and Vamco, particularly in Bicol and Calabarzon region. Food, cash, and livelihood assistance is still required for those affected. 905,000 people will need humanitarian assistance for long-term recovery.?
Food: In the short term, cash assistance is required for the purchase of food. In the long term, soil rehabilitation and agricultural facilities are needed. 96% of rice farms in Camarines Sur are non-recoverable and is need of support for replanting. ??
Water: Water sources are contaminated as a result of flooding. Cases of diarrhea have been recorded, and the government is urging heightened surveillance related to waterborne and foodborne diseases including influenza, leptospirosis, and dengue.?
Non-food items and shelter: Flooding and heavy winds damaged and destroyed houses; cash assistance would allow for repairs. Other essential items include kitchen utensils, clothes, cleaning materials, and bedding.?