Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
A series of earthquakes hit Mindanao island between 16-31 October 2019, particularly affecting Tulunan, North Cotabato province (Region XII) in central Mindanao. The earthquakes occurred on 16 October (6.3 magnitude), 29 October (6.6), and 31 October (6.5).? According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Center (NDRRMC), the earthquakes killed 23 people and injured 563 people across Mindanao (Regions X, XI, XII, and BARMM).? Over 350,000 people were affected. As of 13 December, almost 170,000 people remain displaced (some 51,000 in evacuation centres and 117,000 outside of evacuation centres).? Government assessments report over 47,000 damaged houses, including 25,000 that were destroyed. Makilala municipality in Cotabato province was one of the most affected areas and 23,000 people remain displaced including the entire population of eight of the total 38 barangays had to be evacuated due to the risk of additional landslides or houses collapsing. With the risk of landslides across Cotabato and the severe infrastructure damage, many people are expected to remain displaced for at least one year.?
Immediate needs according to assessments were related to emergency shelter, food, WASH, and emergency education. Many people are staying in makeshift shelters close to their homes, and exposed to the weather. Tarpaulins provided are not shelter-grade. In evacuation centres, there is a lack of WASH infrastructure and open defecation is common. Humanitarian access to remote areas is constrained due to insecurity and infrastructure damages.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.