• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 10,134,000 People exposed [?]
  • 79,000 People displaced [?]
  • 563 Injuries reported [?]



Almost 80,000 people remain displaced (some 20,000 in evacuation centres and 60,000 outside of evacuation centres) by a series of earthquakes that hit Mindanao island between 16-31 October, 2019. The earthquakes killed 23 people, injured another 563, and affected over 350,000 people across Mindanao (Regions X, XI, XII, and BARMM). North Cotabato province (Region XII) in Central Mindanao was particularly impacted.?

Over 49,000 houses were damaged, including 26,000 that were destroyed. Makilala municipality in Cotabato province was one of the most affected areas; 23,000 people remain displaced including the entire population of 8 of the total 38 barangays evacuated because of the risk of additional landslides or houses collapsing. People are expected to remain in displacement due to risk of landslides across Cotabato and the severe infrastructure damage.?

Many people have been staying in makeshift shelters close to their homes, exposed to weather conditions. WASH infrastructure is lacking in evacuation centres and open defecation is common. Humanitarian access to remote areas is constrained due to insecurity and infrastructure damage.?

International and local humanitarian operations responding to the Mindanao earthquake were delayed after government measures to limit the spread of COVID-19 were implemented in March. The earthquake response will end in November 2020, three months later than initially planned.?

Latest Developments


There are no significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.