Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Philippines: Polio outbreak
Philippines: Displacement from Marawi City
The Moro conflict in Mindanao between the Philippines government and Moro Muslim groups dates back to 1969, with increasing intensity over the last decade. The conflict has led to widespread displacement, as well as infrastructure and shelter damage. 2019 began with the prospects of a peace deal, and the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was established in March of that year. Violence, especially related to armed groups excluded from the peace process, continued across Mindanao throughout 2019 however, forcing 117,000 people from their homes. In the first half of 2020 alone, there were 66,000 new displacements as a result of the conflict in Mindanao.?
Armed conflict and violence are particularly common in the provinces of Lanao Del Sur, Maguindanao, and Sulu, where clashes between the Philippine military and armed groups, occur frequently. The siege of Marawi city, a five-month battle between pro-Islamic State fighters and the Philippine military, in 2017 destroyed much of the city and displaced 400,000 people from Marawi and nearby towns. Three years later, approximately 120,000 residents from Marawi are still in temporary shelters or living with relatives, unable to return home because the city remains in ruins. Estimates suggest it could take as much as five years to rebuild the city.?
Mindanao Island group is also extremely prone to natural disasters, including flooding, cyclones, and earthquakes, which drive the majority of displacement in the region.
INFORM measures Philippines's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.5/10.?
There are no recent developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
The ACAPS team is monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak, see the ACAPS COVID-19 Project.
Shelter: IDPs in Mindanao live in permanent housing, in transitory sites, or are hosted by friends or relatives. The building of additional transitory shelters has been delayed, because of issues around eligibility, inclusion, and installation of utilities. For those living with family or friends, lack of privacy and limited space are commonly reported issues. Availability of permanent housing, eligibility, and administrative impediments are major access issues for most IDPs.?
WASH: Transitory sites lack access to clean water and sanitation. IDPs report limited numbers of latrines, resulting in open defecation and increasing the spread of communicable diseases.?
Food and livelihoods: IDPs report being unable to pay for their daily needs because of limited livelihood opportunities. Because of COVID-19 movement restrictions and armed conflict, IDPs say they are unable to sell their produce at the market or cultivate their land. Dry commodities (noodles, rice, and canned goods) remain the only form of assistance, and there is a need for more nutritious food.?