Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
On 27 July 2022, at 8:43 am, an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 hit the Philippines. Its epicentre was in Tayum municipality, Abra province, in Luzon, the country's largest island. It occurred at a depth of 10km, and the shake was felt in high-rise buildings more than 400km away in the country’s capital of Manila. Multiple aftershocks followed the initial quake. ?
The earthquake affected the first-order administrative regions of Ilocos Region (Region I) and the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) the most. It also affected some areas of Cagayan Valley (Region II). As at 4 September 2022, the quake had affected more than 570,000 people. The number included around 50,000 displaced people, 98% of whom lived with relatives or friends. Others lived in temporary shelters. The catastrophe damaged more than 36,000 houses, of which it totally damaged around 900. As at 22 August 2022, the quake had injured more than 600 people and killed 11. ?
Abra (CAR), Ilocos Sur (Region I), and Benguet (CAR) comprise around 45%, 25%, and 20% of the affected population, respectively. The quake damaged roads, bridges, houses, and public buildings, such as schools, health facilities, and churches, as well as basic infrastructure, including water and drainage systems and flood control structures. ?
Shelter, repair, and rehabilitation: Displaced people need shelter as the quake totally destroyed many homes. The affected population need repair and rehabilitation assistance, including shelter repair kits and construction materials. People also require assistance cleaning debris to prevent accidents in buildings, especially in schools. ?
Food and NFIs: The affected people need ready-to-eat meals, canned food, and rice. They also need NFIs, such as family tents, tarps, sleeping kits, kitchen utensils, water containers, and plastic sheets. ?
Health and WASH: The affected population need hygiene kits, maternity kits, healthcare services and medicines, and psychosocial support. Some IDP sites require the installation of temporary latrines and bathing cubicles.?
Protection : Most of the displaced are residing with their relatives or friends, resulting in the cramping of houses and a lack of adequate living space. The latter means a lack of privacy for women and children, raising protection concerns.?