Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone
Philippines: Typhoon Tisoy
Philippines: Polio outbreak
The Philippines is among the most disaster-prone countries of the world. In 2019, it was ranked as one of ten countries with the highest disaster risk worldwide in the World Risk Index.? It frequently experiences different types of disasters including typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruption. Disasters are the main cause of displacement in the country. In the first half of 2019 about 572,000 displacements were reported in the Philippines of which 484,000 were caused by disasters.?
In October 2019, a series of earthquakes hit Mindanao island, particularly affecting Tulunan, North Cotabato province (Region XII) in central Mindanao. The earthquakes affected over 350,000 people, caused 23 fatalities, severe infrastructure damage. As of 13 December, almost 170,000 people remain displaced (some 51,000 in evacuation centres and 117,000 outside of evacuation centres).?
Between 2 and 3 December typhoon Tisoy (internationally referred to as Kammuri) struck the Philippines. Over 450,000 people were pre-emptively evacuated in Regions V, VIII, CALABARZON, and MIMAROPA. Most evacuated people have returned home as of 15 December, but around 58,800 people remain displaced, the large majority (around 50,100 people) in evacuation centres.?
Protracted armed conflict in southern Mindanao has led to a complex humanitarian situation on Mindanao island. The Mindanao conflict relates to the decade-long armed “Moro conflict” between the Philippine government and Moro Muslim armed groups that originated in the 1960s. As of September 2019, more than 65,000 people remain displaced from the 2017 Marawi conflict. In addition, violent clashes between government forces and non-state armed groups as well as clan feuds continue to trigger displacement across Mindanao.?
INFORM measures the Philippines's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10.?
21/01/2020: At least 271,000 people have been affected in the provinces of Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite, due to ongoing activity from Taal Volcano that began 12 January. The volcano is currently registered at “Alert Level 4”, indicating a high risk of a hazardous explosive eruption. Residents within a 14 km radius have been advised to evacuate. As of 21 January, more than 148,000 people have taken shelter in evacuation centres. In addition to the risk of an explosive eruption, large ash plumes have led to the destruction of homes and crops, death of livestock, and an increase in respiratory diseases. Immediate needs for those displaced include nutrition, potable drinking water, NFIs, and medical attention. Some roads in the vicinity of the volcano remain closed. The long term impact of the volcanic activity on homes, livelihoods, and the well-being of those affected is yet to be determined. ?
14/01/2020: Typhoon Phanfone, beginning 23 December, has impacted regions V, VI, VII, VIII, XIII, and MIMAROPA. As 10 January, more than 3.2 million people have been affected, including at least 38,860 who are displaced. The national government is leading the response, in partnership with the Philippine Red Cross and other governmental departments.?
14/01/2020 On 15 December, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck Matanao, Davao del Sur province, on Mindanao island. In total, approximately 394,000 people were estimated to have been affected in Regions XI and XII. As of 10 January, more than 135,000 people remain displaced, of which 35,690 persons are staying in evacuation centres. A total of 13 fatalities and over 200 injuries have been confirmed. The impact adds to previous damage caused by an earthquake series affecting Tulunan, Cotabato province, in October. Aftershocks continue to affect the region.?
12/12/2019 Between 2 and 3 December typhoon Tisoy (internationally referred to as Kammuri) struck the Philippines making landfall several times causing heavy winds, rain, and flooding. As of 12 December, the National Disaster Risk Reduction an Management Council (NDRRMC) reports that the typhoon affected 5 regions and a total of over 1,9 million people. Over 450,000 people were preemptively evacuated and 85,508 people remain displaced of which 75,900 are in evacuation centres. The NDRRMC also confirmed 4 fatalities and says over 300 people got injured. The main affected regions are in the central Philippines including the regions of Bicol, Calabarzon, Eastern Visayas, and Mimaropa. The affected areas experienced the destruction of infrastructure and houses, flooding and interruptions of electricity and telecommunication of which some continue to face electricity cuts and impassable roads while clearing operations are ongoing.?
A national outbreak of polio was declared by the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) on 19 September, 2019. The polio re-emergence comes almost 20 years after the Philippines has been declared polio-free in 2000. As at 11 December, there are nine confirmed human polio cases with circulating vaccine derived polio type 2 (cVDPV2), all genetically linked. Polio is highly contagious and affects mainly children under five years of age.?