Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Peru is the primary host country for Venezuelan asylum seekers. One of every five Venezuelans who have left their country now reside in Peru. The majority enter via Tumbes, on the border with Ecuador and head to La Libertad, Callao, Ica, Lima and Arequipa regions. ? The influx of Venezuelans has been largely absorbed by the host community and national response but with increasing numbers of Venezuelans in Peru and vulnerable conditions of new arrivals, additional support is needed. ?
INFORM measures Peru’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 4.3/10. Hazard exposure rating is relatively high at 4.9/10. ?
16/06: New entry requirements coming into effect on 15 June lead to record-level arrivals on 14 June. In just one day, more than 8,000 Venezuelans tried to enter the country via Tumbes. New arrivals are in an increasingly vulnerable situation and include growing numbers of children. Nutrition, protection and WASH are priority needs.?
Peru is vulnerable to natural disasters including heavy rains and earthquakes. In 2017, Peru suffered unprecedented damage from floods and mudslides induced by the El Niño phenomenon, particularly in Piura region in northern Peru. ? Flooding and landslides regularly cause damage to infrastructure and agricultural land, driving shelter, food, health and WASH needs in the country. In early 2018, 130 districts in southern and northern Peru declared states of emergency due to heavy rain. ?
INFORMATION GAPS AND NEEDS
- Lack of information on the current location and needs of Venezuelans within Peru.
- Coordinated humanitarian assistance for the regional displacement crisis seems to focus on Tumbes, Tacna, and Lima. Information on response activities and capacities in other areas is limited.
- Limited information is available on coping mechanisms of displaced communities and conditions of the host community.
Access to healthcare: The additional influx of Venezuelans might constrain vulnerable people’s access to healthcare and other basic services. Although advocacy efforts are underway, Venezuelans do not have access to the public health system.?
Protection: People arriving at the border require legal orientation and counselling. Unaccompanied and separated children as well as other vulnerable groups are in need of protection assistance, with xenophobia and SGBV of increasing concern.?
WASH: Recurrent natural disasters contaminate water sources and increase the risk of water- and vector-borne diseases like Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya. Access to clean drinking water is one of the primary needs of Venezuelans arriving at the border.?