Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Peru: Influx of Venezuelans in Tumbes
Peru is the primary host country for Venezuelan asylum seekers. One of every five Venezuelans who have left their country now reside in Peru. The majority enter via Tumbes, on the border with Ecuador and head to La Libertad, Callao, Ica, Lima and Arequipa regions. ? The influx of Venezuelans has been largely absorbed by the host community and national response but with increasing numbers of Venezuelans in Peru and vulnerable conditions of new arrivals, additional support is needed. ?
27/06: Peru imposed stricter entry requirements that came into effect on 15 June. Venezuelans must now prevent a passport and a consular humanitarian visa. Between 8 and 15 June a surge of 34,000 Venezuelans entered Peru via the northern border crossing near Tumbes, as they rushed to cross the border before the new rule was implemented. The influx triggered a scale-up of the humanitarian response to meet shelter, food, health, WASH and protection needs. Arrival rates have now decreased and some 100 people were denied access as they did not meet the new requirements. ? Read our briefing note on the humnaitarian impact of recent arrivals here.
Peru is vulnerable to natural disasters including heavy rains and earthquakes. In 2017, Peru suffered unprecedented damage from floods and mudslides induced by the El Niño phenomenon, particularly in Piura region in northern Peru. ? Flooding and landslides regularly cause damage to infrastructure and agricultural land, driving shelter, food, health and WASH needs in the country. In early 2018, 130 districts in southern and northern Peru declared states of emergency due to heavy rain. ?
INFORMATION GAPS AND NEEDS
- Lack of information on the current location and needs of Venezuelans within Peru.
- Coordinated humanitarian assistance for the regional displacement crisis seems to focus on Tumbes, Tacna, and Lima. Information on response activities and capacities in other areas is limited.
- Limited information is available on coping mechanisms of displaced communities and conditions of the host community.
Access to healthcare: The additional influx of Venezuelans might constrain vulnerable people’s access to healthcare and other basic services. Although advocacy efforts are underway, Venezuelans do not have access to the public health system.?
Protection: People arriving at the border require legal orientation and counselling. Unaccompanied and separated children as well as other vulnerable groups are in need of protection assistance, with xenophobia and SGBV of increasing concern.?
WASH: Recurrent natural disasters contaminate water sources and increase the risk of water- and vector-borne diseases like Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya. Access to clean drinking water is one of the primary needs of Venezuelans arriving at the border.?