Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is extremely vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters, particularly earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Six of 16 active volcanos in PNG are classified as high risk.? The country also frequently experiences earthquakes and faces a high risk of related tsunamis. Rising sea-levels are another concern, especially for island communities, and will decrease access to agricultural land and groundwater. During the wet season from November to April, island and coastal communities are exposed to high winds and cyclones, while inland communities often experience flooding and landslides. At the same time, PNG is prone to localised dry spells and droughts, such as the El Niño-induced severe drought in 2015/16.? 2019 will likely see drier than normal conditions due to a highly likely but moderate El Niño event.?
87% of PNG’s population live in remote rural areas and the dependence on subsistence agriculture and unimproved water sources increases their vulnerability to external shocks like sudden- and slow-onset natural disasters or epidemics.? Severe acute malnutrition is very high and remains an underlying factor for morbidity and infant mortality.?
INFORM measures PNG's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as relatively high with 5.6/10, partially due to a severe lack of coping capacity (7.6/10).?
PNG does not have a Crisis Severity Score due to the lack of conclusive data.
14/06: Tribal clashes in Gumine district, Chimbu province that started in April re-ignited on 11 June. At least 10 people were killed and more than 20 houses, a health centre and other vital infrastrucutre were damaged or destroyed across five villages. An unconfirmed number of people were displaced to nearby villages. As basic services were disrupted, health, protection and shelter are expected to be among the priority needs of the affected population.?
14/06: Tribal conflict is increasing in Kagua Erave district of Southern Highlands province. Over the last few months at least 30 people were killed and hundreds of families have been displaced. Information on their current location and needs is not available. Three health centres have been looted or destroyed. The insecurity is hampering vaccination campaigns against measles, rubella and polio. Roadblocks by armed men are restricting access to parts of the district.?
Moderate access constraints
Only 3% of roads in Papua New Guinea are paved; travel between provinces is mostly by air or boat.? Natural disasters such as the earthquake in the highlands in February 2018 tend to further damage road networks and hinder humanitarian access. Intercommunal conflicts and tribal violence as well as safety concerns due to petty crimes and intimidation or threatening behaviour at project sites and illegal roadblocks regularly hampers humanitarian access.? PNG is the most linguistically diverse country in the world. Around half of the population do not speak the lingua franca (Tok Pisin) and the highland regions use a different dialect from the lowlands.?
Health: PNG has a low vaccination coverage, exacerbating the vulnerability to outbreaks – Tuberculosis cases are common and the poliovirus has re-emerged in 2018, which is further aggravated by the deterioration of access to quality healthcare in recent years.?
Displacement: Intercommunal violence, land disputes, and natural disasters often cause internal displacement in PNG (45,000 people between 2013 and 2016) and are increasing the need to find durable solutions for those unable to return to their places of origin.?
WASH: Only 40% of the population have access to an improved water source and only 19% of the population have access to an improved sanitation facility.?
The Bougainville referendum set to be held in June but might be postponed until October 2019.? A recent report voiced concern over the unknown number of weapons still in circulation and a lack of human and financial capacity that potentially poses a threat to the peace process in the autonomous region of Bougainville.?