Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In the disputed region of Kashmir, conflict has recently intensified at the Line of Control dividing India administered Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) and Pakistan administered Kashmir (Azad Kashmir). The desire for autonomy in regions of Kashmir has led to uprisings and independence movements. Rising tension is disrupting civilian life and raising protection concerns for residents in Kashmir region. Cross-border fire exchanges and shelling has killed civilians, although there is a lack of available data on the number of people affected. Following security incidents in March 2019, over 15,000 people have been displaced and over 100 houses were damaged in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ?
Militant groups in the region have recruited young people to use violence for Kashmir’s freedom.? Jaish-e-Muhammed (JEM), a Pakistan armed group, aims to seize control over Indian-administered Kashmir through targeted attacks. ? The most recent escalation in conflict was triggered by a JEM suicide attack in India-administered Kashmir on 14 February, killing over 40 Indian security personnel. ?
There is no crisis severity score due to the lack of available data.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Humanitarian access remains constrained in Azad Kashmir amid the ongoing violence. A sharp deterioration compared to the previous six months was observed regarding impediments to enter the country, as Pakistan ordered 18 international NGOs to discontinue their operations and leave the country in October 2018. Human rights organisations were particularly targeted.
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Information Gaps and Needs
Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.