Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In Pakistan-Administered Kashmir, tension along the Line of Control with India, militant movements, and calls for independence have resulted in a precarious humanitarian situation.
The conflict is primarily marked by shelling and attacks near the Line of Control with India. Exchanges of fire between Pakistani and Indian forces are common, and have escalated in recent years. Militant groups in the region have recruited young people and encourage the use of violence to achieve independence for Kashmir, engaging in targeted attacks against both Pakistani and Indian security personnel. Conflict along the Line of Control has resulted in civilian casualties and displacement, with the exact number difficult to verify due to lack of data. Reports indicate that 40,000 refugees from Indian-Administered Kashmir are living in poor conditions in camps in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan’s Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) territory, without access to livelihoods or public services.?
Protection is a significant concern. Human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, suppression of political parties, and forcible evictions are used as a systematic means of challenging calls for independence of Kashmir. Protests calling for independence are typically met with violence by Pakistani police.?
There are no significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
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Information Gaps and Needs
There is no severity score for the Kashmir Regional crisis due to information gaps.
There is little information about displacement numbers or locations in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Access restrictions have resulted in a lack of verifiable data on humanitarian needs caused by the conflict.