• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 229,489,000 Total population [?]



In Pakistan-administered Kashmir, tensions along the Line of Control with India, militant movements, and calls for independence have resulted in a precarious humanitarian situation. 

The conflict is primarily marked by shelling and attacks near the Line of Control with India. Exchanges of fire between Pakistani and Indian forces are common, and have escalated in recent years. Militant groups in the region have recruited young people and encourage the use of violence to achieve independence for Kashmir, engaging in targeted attacks against both Pakistani and Indian security personnel. Conflict along the Line of Control has resulted in civilian casualties and displacement, though the exact number is difficult to verify because of a lack of data. Reports indicate that 40,000 refugees from Indian-administered Kashmir are living in poor conditions in camps in Muzaffarabad – the capital of Pakistan’s Azad Jammu and Kashmir territory – and lack access to livelihoods or public services.?

Protection is a significant concern. Human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, suppression of political parties, and forcible evictions are used as a systematic means of challenging calls for independence of Kashmir. Protests calling for independence are typically met with violence by Pakistani police.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Information Gaps and Needs


There is no INFORM Severity Index score for the Kashmir regional crisis because of information gaps. 

There is little information about displacement numbers or locations in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. 

Access restrictions have resulted in a lack of verifiable data on key priorities and humanitarian needs caused by the conflict.