Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The humanitarian situation in Pakistan is marked by ongoing conflict and natural hazards.
Since 2009, insecurity displaced over 5 million people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Former Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA). Displacement within Pakistan is often temporary and recurring. A long-running insurgency in Balochistan often sees targeted attacks on both military and civilian targets. Shelling along the Line of Control in Pakistan administered Kashmir also poses both a protection and displacement risk.?
IDPs are primarily housed outside camps in urban areas, particularly Peshwar, Rawalpindi, or Karachi, though their destination depends largely on their province and village of origin. Most IDPS live in host communities and lack access to livelihoods, adequate shelter and WASH facilities. The humanitarian situation for IDPs is aggravated by the presence of almost 1.4 million Afghan refugees in the country, which add pressure to an already strained public infrastructure.?
Pakistan is also extremely prone to natural hazards, including seasonal flooding, avalanches, and earthquakes. Each year, at least 3 million people are affected by natural hazards across Pakistan. Poor infrastructure, ineffective warning systems, and remote terrain exacerbate the damage and limit humanitarian response. In 2018-2019, severe drought conditions decimated the agriculture sector, affecting 5 million people, especially in Sindh and Balochistan provinces.?
On 20 July, Pakistan resumed the polio vaccination campaign in the high-risk districts of Karachi, Quetta, Faisalabad, Attock and South Waziristan, aiming to target 800,000 children under-five. The campaign resumes after being temporarily suspended due COVID-19. Polio remains endemic in the country.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Access constraints in Pakistan remain high in 2020. A strict registration process continues to cause delays for humanitarian agencies.Ongoing violence in Balochistan province and in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) resulted in closures of areas and limitation of movement, disrupting access to basic services for people in need.
Natural hazards can pose challenges for humanitarian operations in Pakistan. In January, severe winter weather caused widespread snowfall, flooding, avalanches and landslides across the country, causing heavy damage to infrastructure and cuting off affected communities
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview
Health: Access to healthcare is limited, especially for refugees and IDPs. Weak health infrastructure and surveillance systems, poor hygiene practices in homes and hospitals, and community skepticism towards public health campaigns has contributes to outbreaks of disease, including Dengue Fever, HIV, and Polio.?
Food: A prolonged drought in 2018-2019 affected 5.5. million people. In July 2019, more than 3 million people were estimated to be in IPC Phase 3 (Emergency) or IPC Phase 4 (Crisis) in Sindh and Balochistan provinces. An ongoing desert locust infestation has destroyed crops in 21 districts of Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provinces, leading to further loss of access to food across the country.?
Information on humanitarian needs in Pakistani-administered Kashmir is limited due to access constraints.