Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since 2008, the ongoing security situation have caused the displacement of over 5 million people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), many of who have returned multiple times. In 2018, 2.9 million people were estimated in need of humanitarian assistance. ? IDPs are particularly in need of WASH and shelter. In the disputed Kashmir region, violence has increased across the Line of Control since February dividing Pakistan and India. In March 2019, security incidents in Azad Kashmir displaced over 15,000 people. ?
Internal displacement and returns are aggravated by the presence of almost 2.7 million Afghan refugees, who have particularly high needs. The government of Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to return large numbers of Afghan refugees from Pakistan in 2019. ? Pakistan is also vulnerable to natural disasters, and frequently experiences flood and drought.
A 5.8 earthquake struck near Mirpur district, in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, on 24 September, resulting in 39 deaths and more than 700 injuries. Several aftershocks have occurred, including a 4.4 magnitude tremor on 26 September that caused an additional 40 injuries. The earthquake’s shallow 10km depth coupled with the fact that homes in the affected area have limited resistance to earthquakes, intensified the damage caused by the shaking. At least 16km of roads in Jatlan town were heavily damaged, with 2km of road sinking entirely into the Jehlum River. NGO assessments suggest 1,600 houses were completely destroyed and more than 7,000 damaged. The Pakistan National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is coordinating the response, with a focus on reconstructing damaged roads, distributing water, food, and tents. ?
Following a deterioration in 2018, which saw 18 NGOs being forced by authorities to discontinue operations in Pakistan, access constraints remain high in 2019. Humanitarian activities continue to be hindered by government delays in NGO registration and strict project approval processes. Ongoing sectarian violence in Balochistan province and increased shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir restricted the movement of people, causing displacements and disrupting access to basic services. Natural hazards were major obstacles for humanitarian agencies across the country. In July, flooding in several northeastern provinces restricted access to affected villages. In September, an earthquake in Azad Jammu and Kashmir severely damaged roads and communications infrastructure. Exact data indicating the impact of improvised explosive devices on humanitarian access in Pakistan is unavailable.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview
Information Gaps and Needs
- Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.