Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since 2008, the ongoing security situation have caused the displacement of over 5 million people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), many of who have returned multiple times. In 2018, 2.9 million people were estimated in need of humanitarian assistance. ? IDPs are particularly in need of WASH and shelter. In the disputed Kashmir region, violence has increased across the Line of Control since February dividing Pakistan and India. In March 2019, security incidents in Azad Kashmir displaced over 15,000 people. ?
Internal displacement and returns are aggravated by the presence of almost 2.7 million Afghan refugees, who have particularly high needs. The government of Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to return large numbers of Afghan refugees from Pakistan in 2019. ? Pakistan is also vulnerable to natural disasters, and frequently experiences flood and drought.
Pakistan is experiencing its worst locust infestation since the 1990s. According to initial estimates by the Chamber of Agriculture, as much as 40 percent of crops in the country have been destroyed. This includes food crops such as wheat and vegetables and commodity crops such as cotton. The extended monsoon season has provided conditions that have allowed the locusts to continue breeding and surviving for longer in the Indo-Pakistan border region. Food insecurity is already high in the country, with over 3 million people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, particularly in Balochistan and Sindh provinces. Damage to crops at this magnitude is not only a threat to food security in the affected communities, but also poses a challenge for livelihoods as many rural farmers use the money from selling crops to pay off debt and survive financially during the off season.?
Following a deterioration in 2018, which saw 18 NGOs being forced by authorities to discontinue operations in Pakistan, access constraints remain high in 2019. Humanitarian activities continue to be hindered by government delays in NGO registration and strict project approval processes. Ongoing sectarian violence in Balochistan province and increased shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir restricted the movement of people, causing displacements and disrupting access to basic services. Natural hazards were major obstacles for humanitarian agencies across the country. In July, flooding in several northeastern provinces restricted access to affected villages. In September, an earthquake in Azad Jammu and Kashmir severely damaged roads and communications infrastructure. Exact data indicating the impact of improvised explosive devices on humanitarian access in Pakistan is unavailable.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview
Information Gaps and Needs
- Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.