• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 220,892,000 Total population [?]
  • 144,769,000 People affected [?]
  • 21,660,000 People displaced [?]
  • 11,000,000 People in Need [?]



The humanitarian situation in Pakistan is marked by conflict and natural hazards. 

Militancy targeting civilians and security forces was ongoing in 2020 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan provinces. Balochistan is Pakistan’s least urbanised and most impoverished province, and a revival of separatist groups there resulted in greater instances of violence and repression against civilians. Active militant groups, including the Taliban and Islamic State-affiliated groups, contribute to high levels of insecurity in KP. Shelling along the Line of Control in Pakistan-administered Kashmir also poses a protection and displacement risk.?

Displacement within Pakistan is often temporary and recurring. Since 2009, insecurity has displaced over 5 million people in KP (including in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which were merged with KP in 2018). IDPs are primarily housed in urban areas, particularly in Peshawar, Rawalpindi, and Karachi, though where they are housed depends largely on their province and village of origin. Most IDPs live in host communities and lack access to livelihoods, adequate shelter, and WASH facilities. The humanitarian situation for IDPs is compounded by the presence of 1.4 million Afghan refugees in the country, which adds pressure to the already strained public infrastructure.?

Pakistan is extremely prone to natural hazards, including seasonal flooding, avalanches, and earthquakes. Each year, at least 3 million people are affected by natural hazards across the country. Poor infrastructure, ineffective warning systems, and remote terrain aggravate the damage and limit the humanitarian response. In 2018–2019, severe drought conditions decimated the agricultural sector, affecting 5.5 million people – especially in Sindh and Balochistan provinces – and long-lasting effects are still being seen in 2021.?

Latest Development


13/10/2021: A 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck Balochistan province on 7 October, with Harnai district the most affected of several districts hit. At least 41 people died, more than 300 were injured, and more than 400 houses were fully or partially destroyed. Rescue operations are ongoing. Priorities are shelter/NFIs, food and WASH ?.

Humanitarian Access


High Constraints

Access constraints remain high across Pakistan as a result of violence. People in Pakistani-administered Kashmir and Balochistan province have limited freedom of movement and restricted access to basic services because of checkpoints, the presence of militant groups, and cross-border shelling. Afghans holding a citizenship card and undocumented Afghans living in urban areas in Pakistan generally have access to local services but are often not included in the humanitarian response as their exact location is unknown. Violence in Balochistan province, primarily by the Balochistan Liberation Army and Islamic State affiliates in Pakistan, often targets civilians, security forces, and infrastructure. The use of force was also reported in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, where militant groups have imposed taxes on humanitarian projects such as road, school, and hospital constructions. Violence often results in internal displacement, forcing people away from basic services. Humanitarian operations continue to be hindered by a complicated registration process and national counterterrorism regulations that allow the Government to arbitrarily deny or cancel permissions of NGOs and INGOs to operate. National and international organisations can only operate in specified locations and in consultation with relevant authorities.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Key Priorities


Health: Access to healthcare is limited, especially for refugees and IDPs. Weak health infrastructure and surveillance systems, poor hygiene practices in homes and hospitals, and community scepticism towards public health campaigns have contributed to disease outbreaks, including dengue and polio, and to increasing rates of HIV.?

Food: Drivers of food insecurity in Pakistan include poverty, natural disasters, access to food, and limited access to WASH services. A prolonged drought in 2018–2019 affected 5.5 million people and left a lasting impact on food security across the country.?