Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since 2008, the ongoing security situation have caused the displacement of over 5 million people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), many of who have returned multiple times. In 2018, 2.9 million people were estimated in need of humanitarian assistance. ? IDPs are particularly in need of WASH and shelter. In the disputed Kashmir region, violence has increased across the Line of Control since February dividing Pakistan and India. In March 2019, security incidents in Azad Kashmir displaced over 15,000 people. ?
Internal displacement and returns are aggravated by the presence of almost 2.7 million Afghan refugees, who have particularly high needs. The government of Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to return large numbers of Afghan refugees from Pakistan in 2019. ? Pakistan is also vulnerable to natural disasters, and frequently experiences flood and drought.
Monsoon rainfall has led to flooding across Sindh province. As of 15 August, at least 29 people have lost their lives and 4 have been injured due to flooding. The impact of the current monsoon season is exacerbated by eroded soils due to a drought in the province, a loss of crops prior to the October harvest could further drive food insecurity. Currently, 1.25 million people are estimated to face Crisis and Emergency food insecurity levels (IPC-3 and 4).?
Humanitarian access remains constrained in Pakistan amid the ongoing violence. Major security incidents continued in the tribal districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Balochistan province, and Azad Kashmir. A sharp deterioration compared to the previous six months was observed regarding impediments to enter the country, as Pakistan ordered 18 international NGOs to discontinue their operations and leave the country in October 2018. Human rights organisations were particularly targeted. In February 2019, flooding in Balochistan, Punjab and KP province caused further access constraints. Particularly in Lasbela district, Balochistan province, flooding had a high impact on the road infrastructure and communication system. There is no data indicating how improvised explosive device (IED) blasts affected humanitarian activities.
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Information Gaps and Needs
- Information is limited on displacement from shelling along the Line of Control in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.