Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Banditry violence has affected populations living in Nigeria’s Zamfara, Kaduna, Niger, Sokoto, Kebbi and Katsina states in the northwest. About 21 million people living in these states have been exposed to insecurity from activities of bandits. Unconnected to the Boko Haram insurgency in the northeast, the banditry violence began as a farmer/herder conflict in 2011 and intensified between 2017 to 2018 to include cattle rustling, kidnapping for ransom, sexual violence and killings. The violence has affected about 35 out of 92 local government areas in the 4 states. The discovery of gold mines and the activities of illegal miners competing for the control of gold reserves have served to further intensify the existence and activities of armed groups in the northwest. By March 2020, more than 210,000 people have been internally displaced.?More than 35,000 refugees have crossed communal borders to Maradi in Niger Republic by the beginning of March 2020. These refugees are hosted in Madaou in Tahoua region, Dan Dadji Makaou, Garin Kaka and Guidan Roumdji.?
28/05/2020: Continuing banditry attacks in Nigeria’s northwest have increased internal displacement, with no corresponding humanitarian response from some of the states affected by the crisis or the federal government. In Katsina state, some 600 IDPs are living on a football field in ATC Katsina, over 400 IDPs are taking refuge in a mechanic village in Bebeji, over 360 IDPs are in Yammawa, and more than 100 are seeking refuge in Tundun Baras. Most of the displaced come from Safana, Kankara and Faskari LGAs. They have been seen on the streets begging for alms or engaging in menial jobs to survive. ?Lack of relief materials, shelter or food, along with poor hygiene conditions exposes the IDPs to various risks, including exposure to COVID-19. Katsina state has recorded 335 cases and 14 deaths as of 26 May.
In addition to displacement, the violence has hampered agricultural activities and heightened the risk of acute food insecurity. Livelihoods have been disrupted, fear and insecurity among the population have increased, and IDPs and host communities are competing for scarce resources such as water, land and food. Protection concerns are heightened for women, children and the elderly, while security, food and WASH are priority needs in affected areas.