Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Violence arises from tensions over land between Fulani herders and farming communities.?Drought and desertification have forced herders in northern and central Nigeria to move further south to access grazing land and water sources for their cattle.?Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018.?There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.
Rapid population growth has also increased demand for agricultural land and led farmers to settle on tracts of land which herders seasonally use as grazing routes. Fulani herder attacks on farming communities are primarily about access to resources, but have been rooted in religious and ethnic motivations.?Households affected and displaced by intercommunal conflict face greater food insecurity. The presidential and legislative elections on 23 February led to increased insecurity, impacting humanitarian operations, as humanitarian staff relocated throughout the election period.?
INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.8/10.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
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Information Gaps and Needs
- There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected and displaced by farmer-herder violence.