• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Violence arises from tensions over land between Fulani herders and farming communities.?Drought and desertification have forced herders in northern and central Nigeria to move further south to access grazing land and water sources for their cattle.?Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018.?There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.  

Rapid population growth has also increased demand for agricultural land and led farmers to settle on tracts of land which herders seasonally use as grazing routes. Fulani herder attacks on farming communities are primarily about access to resources, but have been rooted in religious and ethnic motivations.?Households affected and displaced by intercommunal conflict face greater food insecurity. The presidential and legislative elections on 23 February led to increased insecurity, impacting humanitarian operations, as humanitarian staff relocated throughout the election period.?

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.8/10.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Information Gaps and Needs

  • There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected and displaced by farmer-herder violence.