Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Hostility between pastoralists (herders) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Adamawa, Benue, Kaduna, Nasarawa, Plateau, and Taraba. The disputes have arisen from tensions over land. Drought and desertification have forced pastoralists in northern and central Nigeria to move further south to access grazing land and water sources for their cattle. Meanwhile, rapid population growth has increased demand for land and led farmers to settle on tracts of land that pastoralists seasonally use as grazing routes. The conflict is primarily about access to resources, though it is often seen in the context of religious and ethnic differences.? There have been reports of activities such as village raids, cattle rustling, and attacks on farmers overlapping with violence from criminal gangs.? Households affected and displaced by this violence are highly likely to face food insecurity.?
09/02: Over 24-30 January, armed clashes in Kauru and Zangon-Kataf LGAs (Kaduna state), Batsari, Faskari, and Sabuwa LGAs (Katsina) and Gusau LGA (Zamfara) displaced some 6,000 people, left 103 injured and 24 people died. Around 50 people were abducted and livestock stolen in the violence, which stemmed from the banditry crisis and tensions between farmer and herder communities. The displaced people took refuge in neighbouring wards, where they need shelter, security, food, medical services and NFIs. Food security in northwest Nigeria has been affected by waves of violent attacks, with many farmers either forced to pay exorbitant levies to armed gangs, or abandon their farmlands.?
Information Gaps and Needs
Recent information on the number of people affected by farmer-pastoralist clashes.
Food and livelihoods: around two million people in the Middle Belt region are food-insecure because of the persistent conflict as well as high food prices. Many farmers have been displaced or relocated to other areas. The interruption of farming and other economic activities has led to a loss of income. Coping capacity is likely deteriorating as poverty increases because of jeopardised livelihoods.?