• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 2,049,000 People in Need [?]
  • 1,958,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 92,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Farmer-herder conflict across the Middle-Belt region and the Boko Haram conflict in northeast Nigeria have severely affected food production systems. The areas most severely affected by food insecurity include Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in northeast Nigeria, where over 2.7 million people are projected to be food insecure (IPC Phases 3-5) in the June-August period. Food and livelihood needs are highest among IDPs and returnees.?

In the rest of Nigeria, including the Middle Belt, most people face Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1), with some northern states facing Stressed (IPC phase 2) conditions.? Areas worst affected by farmer-herder violence, including Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa, that are forced to displace and abandon their land, may be unable to address their basic food needs.?

Latest Developments


 No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Humanitarian Access


Very high constraints

Access in the northeast and the Middle Belt region remains restricted due to insecurity. Presidential and legislative elections on 23 February led to increased violence, impacting aid operations. Humanitarian staff relocated throughout the election period, particularly in humanitarian hubs in northeast Nigeria. Over the few past months, a marked deterioration in access was observed in the northeast due to increased Boko Haram attacks and military operations. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible. Rann town, Borno state has been inaccessible to humanitarians following the attacks in mid-January that displaced 30,000 Nigerians to Cameroon. Access in most other affected areas is highly constrained and only partially accessible to humanitarian actors. Data on access in the Middle Belt region, where insecurity is the main access constraint, is limited.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview