Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cameroon: Refugee influx from Nigeria
Nigeria: Spike in farmer-herder violence in the Middle Belt
Boko Haram and Ansaru Stakeholder Analysis
In the northeast, the Boko Haram insurgency has affected more than 14 million people, and more than eight million are in need. After 10 years of conflict the group continues to carry out high-profile attacks against the military and civilians in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. An escalation of Boko Haram attacks has been observed in the last six months in Borno state. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible.?
Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.?
Farmer-herder conflict across the Middle-Belt region and the Boko Haram conflict in northeast Nigeria have severely affected food production systems. The areas most severely affected by food insecurity include Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in northeast Nigeria, where over 2.7 million people are projected to be food insecure (IPC Phases 3-5) in the June-August period.?
INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.8/10.?
27/08: Since early August, Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe states have been affected by flooding associated with the annual rainy season. The full extent of the flooding is not yet clear, though at least 8,800 households (approximately 57,000 people) are thought to be affected. Flooding has moreover damaged or destroyed more than 400 WASH facilities, increasing the risk of an outbreak of cholera and other waterborne diseases. In Yobe state, some 1,800 emergency shelters have been damaged by the flooding, and roughly 2,100 households have been displaced (approximately 13,600 people). Shelter, food, and health have been identified as priority needs for populations residing in affected areas. As the rainy season continues, there is a significant risk that more flooding will occur.?
31/07: In Northwest Nigeria (Katsina, Sokoto and Zamfara States) increasing violence has triggered large-scale displacement within the states and across the border to Niger. In recent months an estimated 67,000 people have been internally displaced and between April and July 35,000 to 60,000 refugees have crossed the border to the Maradi region in Niger. Rural communities in Northwest Nigeria have been terrorised by bandits who raid villages, stealing cattle, kidnapping for ransom and burning homes after looting food supplies. Since the start of the year hundreds of people have been killed in Northwest Nigeria by bandits. There is limited information on the cause of the recent deterioration in the security situation which has prompted the displacement. The displaced have sought safety among host communities and are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Services and infrastructure are limited and there are almost no humanitarian agencies on the ground to assist those displaced.?
Very high constraints
Access in the northeast and the Middle Belt region remains restricted due to insecurity. Presidential and legislative elections on 23 February led to increased violence, impacting aid operations. Humanitarian staff relocated throughout the election period, particularly in humanitarian hubs in northeast Nigeria.
Over the few past months, a marked deterioration in access was observed in the northeast due to increased Boko Haram attacks and military operations. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible. Rann town, Borno state has been inaccessible to humanitarians following the attacks in mid-January that displaced 30,000 Nigerians to Cameroon.
Access in most other affected areas is highly constrained and only partially accessible to humanitarian actors. Data on access in the Middle Belt region, where insecurity is the main access constraint, is limited.
Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview
Information Gaps and Needs
- There is a lack of data on injuries on the various crises in Nigeria.