• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 206,140,000 Total population [?]
  • 5,543,000 People displaced [?]
  • 16,016,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports




The Boko Haram insurgency in northeastern Nigeria, ‘banditry’ violence in the northwest, farmer/pastoralist conflict in the Middle Belt and a growing Cameroonian refugee population in the south have contributed to a complex humanitarian crisis. In southern Nigeria, different armed groups pushing for secession in the Southeast and control of the oil-producing Niger Delta have perpetrated waves of violence in these areas.?

An interplay of various factors drives the complex crisis in Nigeria. Socio-cultural dynamics characterised by a heterogeneous population with an underlying current of ethno-religious tension have led to division between northern and southern Nigeria. This often explodes into conflict whenever there is a trigger. Economic factors such as unemployment, high inflation and poverty also drive insecurity throughout the country, as some youth join criminal gangs and militant groups in a bid for economic survival. Environmental factors also lead to conflict due to climate change and increased competition for scarce land.?

Conflict in different parts of Nigeria has led to internal displacement of nearly 3 million people. More than 336,000 Nigerians have taken refuge in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.? Livelihood activities such as farming and fishing have been disrupted by conflict, and contributed to food insecurity in Nigeria, particularly in the northwest.? The protracted conflict in the northeast and increased school abductions by armed gunmen in the northwest, have affected access to education and contributed to at least 18.5 million children out of school in 2022.?

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.5/10.?

Latest Developments


28/09: Attacks by non-state armed groups on areas bordering Nigeria and Cameroon displaced 6,000 people in July and August: 5,000 Cameroonians crossed into Nigeria as refugees and 1,000 Nigerians were internally displaced. The displaced people took refuge with host communities in Madagali LGA (Adamawa state). Host communities in Madagali LGA have high humanitarian needs due to protracted conflict. Recurrent armed attacks have disrupted their livelihoods and access to basic services. The influx of displaced people could overstretch the limited resources available within host communities. Ongoing flooding in Madagali LGA is also likely to affect host communities, IDPs and refugees, further increasing the humanitarian needs. The most urgent needs for displaced people include food, non-food items, shelter, WASH, protection and health services.?

Humanitarian Access


very high Constraints 

Nigeria faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving thanks to reduced overlap between politics and humanitarian affairs in the past six months. Unlike the last half of 2021, there were no reports of aid workers killed in the first half of 2022. 

 For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022