Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In the northeast, the Boko Haram insurgency has affected more than 14 million people, and more than seven million are in need.? After 10 years of conflict the group continues to carry out high-profile attacks against the military and civilians in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. In 2019, an escalation of Boko Haram attack in Borno state has been observed. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible.?
Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.?
Farmer-herder conflict across the Middle-Belt region and the Boko Haram conflict in northeast Nigeria have severely affected food production systems. The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis indicates that about 4.3 million people face food insecurity (IPC Phases 3-5) in the current October-December period.?The areas most severely affected by food insecurity include Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in northeast Nigeria.
INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10.?
17/02/2020: The Borno state government have begun the planned repatriation of 120,000 refugees from Niger to Nigeria. Whether these repatriated refugees will be put in camps or with host communities is still unclear.?
13/02/2020: Insurgent activities such as the attack on electricity lines on 17 January 2020 and intensified attacks on the single safe highway (Kano-Maiduguri Golden Gate) are attempting to cut off Borno state from other parts of Nigeria. Having killed 11 soldiers and 4 civilians in 5 separate attacks on the highway and kidnapping more than 30 people in January 2020, insurgents burnt resting travellers alive on 9 February, killing about 30 and taking away 3 buses containing women and children. These attacks have led to a partial shutdown of movements with the military closing the highway by 15.00 pm daily, stalling the inflow of economic and commercial goods. Villagers living along the highway are also being evacuated. Humanitarian access is likely to be affected as most aid offices are in Damaturu. If the Golden Gate is completely shut down, Maiduguri would become accessible only by air, and this is not affordable for about 90% of the population of the city. Humanitarian access and logistics may also have to be negotiated using flights from Damaturu to Maiduguri.?
12/02/2020: Insurgent attacks on Auno village close to Maiduguri has killed more than 30 people on 9 February 2020. 3 buses with women and children were also taken away by the insurgents. Auno lies on the Maiduguri-Damaturu highway (Golden Gate) that connects Maiduguri to other parts of Nigeria. This highway is the only one safe to use out of 6 others and has witnessed several attacks and kidnappings in 2020.?
Humanitarian access in northeast Nigeria, affected by the Boko Haram conflict, remains challenging due to the volatile security situation, particularly in Borno state. Access to populations is limited to territories under control of the Nigerian army. In addition, heavy rains and flooding in September have severely disrupted local infrastructure in northeast Nigeria. In the Middle Belt region, violent clashes in the context of herdsmen-farmers conflict continue to trigger displacement and sporadically restrict the free movement of populations. Attacks against humanitarian workers and facilities remain a threat in the northeast. Concerns about deterioration of access in the northeast emerged after the government shut down the field offices of some international aid organisations in September, forcing them suspend their activities.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Information Gaps and Needs
- There is a lack of data on injuries on the various crises in Nigeria.
Floods in Nigeria
Since June 2019, several parts of Nigeria have been experiencing above-average seasonal rainfall. In late September, subsequent high-water levels in Niger and Benue rivers triggered flooding in different areas.? In early October, 32 of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory were severely affected, particularly Cross River, Kogi, Niger, and Taraba states, where over 18,000 people (est.) were affected and around 4,500 displaced.? Torrential rains and floods also impacted the northeast between August and October, with an estimated 200,000 people affected across Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe states.?
The flood situation in northeast Nigeria, particularly in Borno and Adamawa, has intensified since late October because rainfall has continued beyond the usual end of the season. Rain and flash floods have hampered the humanitarian response in northeast Nigeria and raised concerns over the outbreak of diseases.?
Since early November, over 40,000 people in the town of Rann, Kala/Balge Local Government Area in Borno state have been cut off from humanitarian assistance following severe flooding. Most of the affected people are IDPs as a result of the Boko Haram conflict. Humanitarian access to Rann was severely limited prior to flooding due to insecurity and poor road conditions. In Borno's neighbouring Adamawa state, about 19,000 people have been displaced across 11 LGAs by flooding as of 18 November 2019.?