• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 85,000 People displaced [?]



The intensification of the Anglophone Crisis in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon in 2017 caused people to flee these areas. Many of those fleeing the conflict have crossed the border into Nigeria.?Municipal and parliamentary elections held in February 2020 led to violent confrontations between separatists and Cameroonian military forces and increased movement to Nigeria.?

Over 73,000 Cameroonian refugees were living in Southeastern Nigeria as at January 2022, accounting for nearly 95% of all refugees in the country.? The refugee influx decreased significantly in 2021, with just under 4,000 refugees arriving over January–July 2021. Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River, and Taraba states host registered refugees. Since the Nigerian Government allows the integration of refugees with local communities, 43,000 of them are living with host communities. At least 29,600 of them have taken shelter in four refugee settlements. The Adagom settlement (Cross River state) and Ikyogen settlement (Benue state) host the majority of the refugees.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Food: food is the most urgent need, both for refugees in the settlements and those living with host communities. Prices of basic food commodities have risen by nearly 30% compared to early 2020, partly because of COVID-19. As a consequence of limited food and livelihood support, some refugees travel between Cameroon and Nigeria as they try to access food and economic opportunities. The challenges of accessing food and sources of income have led to negative coping mechanisms, such as alcohol use among youth and female-headed households. ?

WASH: the water supply in refugee settlements meets only 40% of the needs. Sanitation facilities in the settlements are also insufficient. ?

NFIs: there is an urgent need for blankets and mosquito nets.?

Health services: many healthcare facilities lack medicines. There is also COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy as a result of misconceptions about the vaccine. The lack of ambulances limits emergency response for serious COVID-19 cases. ?