• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 67,000 People displaced [?]



Intensification of the Anglophone crisis in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon in 2017 caused people to flee these areas, with many crossing into Nigeria.?Municipal and parliamentary elections held in February 2020 led to violent confrontations between separatists and Cameroonian military forces and increased movement to Nigeria.?

More than 67,000 Cameroonian refugees were living in southeast Nigeria as at July 2021, accounting for nearly 95% of all refugees in Nigeria.? The refugee influx has decreased significantly in 2021, with just under 4,000 refugees arriving over January-July 2021. The registered refugees are hosted in Cross River, Taraba, Benue, and Akwa Ibom states. Since the Nigerian government allows integration of refugees with local communities, 39,000 refugees are living among host communities. At least 27,800 refugees have taken shelter in four refugee settlements. Adagom settlement (Cross River state) and Ikyogen settlement (Benue state) host the majority of the refugees.? 

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Food: Food is the most urgent need, both for refugees in the settlements and those living with host communities. Prices of basic food commodities have risen by nearly 30% compared to early 2020, partly attributed to the impact of Covid-19. Due to limited food and livelihood support, some refugees travel back and forth between Cameroon and Nigeria, as they try to access food and economic opportunities. The challenges in accessing food and livelihood opportunities has led to negative coping mechanisms, such as alcohol use among youth and female-headed households.?

WASH: The water supply in refugee settlements meets only 40% of the water needs for refugees sheltering there. Sanitation facilities in the settlements are also insufficient.?

NFIs: There is an urgent need for blankets and mosquito nets.?