Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cameroon: Refugee influx from Nigeria
In the northeast, the Boko Haram insurgency has affected more than 14 million people, and more than seven million are in need.? After 10 years of conflict the group continues to carry out high-profile attacks against the military and civilians in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. In 2019, an escalation of Boko Haram attack in Borno state has been observed.?Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible.?
Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities.?Food security, nutrition, WASH and protection assistance continue to be priority needs. INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10.?
Read more about the Boko Haram regional crisis in the ACAPS Humanitarian Perspectives 2019/2020 Report.
21/01/2020: On 16 January 2020, a UN humanitarian facility in Ngala, Nigeria’s border town close to Cameroon was attacked by insurgents. The facility housed humanitarian workers providing assistance to displaced persons. About 20 displaced persons were reportedly killed after the attackers opened fire and detonated vehicle-borne explosive devices. Neither ISWAP nor Boko Haram have claimed responsibility for the attack.?
15/01/2020: 5 aid workers abducted by insurgent groups along Monguno/Maiduguri road on 22 December 2019 have been released. Their release followed negotiations between their abductors and the Nigerian Department of State Services (DSS). 12 aid workers lost their lives in Nigeria’s northeast in 2019, as opposed to 6 in 2018.?
09/01/2020: On 8 January 2020, ISWAP attacked Monguno, a border town between Nigeria and Chad. About 28 soldiers were reportedly killed with over 750 houses destroyed. Over 1,000 people have been rendered homeless following the attacks which appears to already reflect the impact of the withdrawal of Chadian troops from the MNJTF.? Read more on the withdrawal of Chadian troops here.
Humanitarian access in northeast Nigeria, affected by the Boko Haram conflict, remains challenging due to the volatile security situation, particularly in Borno state. Access to populations is limited to territories under control of the Nigerian army. In addition, heavy rains and flooding in September have severely disrupted local infrastructure in northeast Nigeria. In the Middle Belt region, violent clashes in the context of herdsmen-farmers conflict continue to trigger displacement and sporadically restrict the free movement of populations. Attacks against humanitarian workers and facilities remain a threat in the northeast. Concerns about deterioration of access in the northeast emerged after the government shut down the field offices of some international aid organisations in September, forcing them suspend their activities.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Information Gaps and Needs
- There is a lack of information on the inaccesible areas in northeast Nigeria.