There are an estimated 1.8 million IDPs across Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa. ? Women and children comprise 79% of the IDPs, with 54% female. About 60% of IDPs in northeast Nigeria live in host communities and 40% in camps, with the exception of Borno, where a roughly equal share of IDPs live in camps and host communities. The 201 camps in Borno have a combined population of 641,000. There are 13 camps in Yobe state (13,000 people) and 22 camps in Adamawa (10,200 people).?The largest IDP populations are located in Borno (1.36 million, constituting 77% of total IDPs), Adamawa (164,000, representing 9%), and Yobe (105,000, representing 6%).? More than 10,000 IDPs arrived at Bama's GSSSS camp between 1 April and 17 August. At the end of July, the camp reached its maximum capacity and 6,000 people were in need of shelter. ?
The conflict, poor living conditions, voluntary relocation and government-assisted relocation drove population movement. From 8–14 August, 4,269 arrivals and 406 departures were recorded. ? In July, 24,548 arrivals were recorded, with 4,059 departures. Most arrivals were reported in Bama (3,953), Demsa (3,136), and Gwoza (2,847). ?
In August, 22,931 movements were recorded, including 19,106 arrivals and 3,825 departures in northeast Nigeria. The recorded movements were mainly due to the ongoing conflict, voluntary relocations, the poor living conditions, fear of attacks and improved security/military operations. ?
On 19 August, BH fighters attacked Malari village, killing at least 19 people. The number of reported casualties has varied, however, and one aid worker reported that 63 people were killed. Following the attack, hundreds of people in the surrounding area fled to the IDP camp in Monguno, Borno state. There are no reports on the exact number of people who fled. ? From 8–14 August, more than 700 people fled from Nganzai LGA to Monguno LGA, Borno state, due to recent conflict. In that same period, 671 people arrived to Bama, Borno state, from Soye ward of Bama and Kumshe/Kotembe wards. In total, 414 arrivals were recorded in Nganzai LGA (Borno) and 403 were recorded in Gwoza LGA (Borno), with 397 arrivals recorded in Dikwa LGA from 8–16 August. ?
Niger and Benue river flooding has displaced more than 561,440 people. ?IDPs are staying in emergency shelters such as schools, LGA offices, stadiums, churches and recently constructed emergency shelters. ?
Insecurity has newly displaced about 130,000 people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe since October 2017.?
IOM reports that 1.55 million displaced people have returned to their area of origin in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe. The lack of security in Borno is a major concern, however, and many IDPs opt not to return to their homes. ? Nigerian authorities ordered more than 823,000 IDPs who were displaced by BH and IS to return home. Many of these IDPs live in areas that are inaccessible to humanitarian actors. This is part of the effort to make Nigeria appear safer. ?