Boko Haram (BH)
As of 15 August the military has established a new mobile strike team in an attempt to create greater access to rural LGAs in Borno state. They intend to conduct long range patrols and operations against BH, going deep into less accessible areas. ? In July, a push against BH by the Nigerian military in Borno state liberated an estimated 860 settlements. The military operation displaced over 19,000 individuals to IDP camps and saw over 700 BH fighters surrender. ? The people of Gwoza local government area of Borno state, a former caliphate of the BH militants, have stated that the entire local government is still under the control of BH insurgents, with the exception of two towns, the local government headquarters and Pulka. ?
A total of 573 security incidents affected civilians across Nigeria between 1 January and the 3 July; of these, five states (Borno, Lagos, Federal Capital Territory, Benue, and Delta) account for just under half of the incidents. Borno state had the highest number of security incidents, with just over 12% of the total. ? While an increasing amount of territory has been liberated from BH control, suicide bombing and attacks on civilians persist, primarily in Borno state. ?? ? As of 5 September, at least 223 civilians have been killed in Boko Haram attacks in northeast Nigeria since April.?In the first half of 2017 the number of suicide bombings in Borno state doubled compared to the same period of 2016 (17 in 2016; 34 in 2017). There has been a geographical shift in suicide attacks from south central and eastern LGAs to more central LGAs, with significant increases in Maiduguri and Konduga. ? The continued BH insurgency and associated security challenges and frequent attacks in Madagali LGA of Adamawa state has resulted in the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) suspending its voter registration.?
In 2016, there were 2,551 deaths across 1,022 incidents, of which 66 incidents occurred in Borno state, resulting in over 800 fatalities. ?
The leader of the Coalition of Niger Delta Agitators have announced a recruitment of up to 5,000 soldiers to support their fight for an Independent Niger Delta Republic. ?
The Niger Delta Revolutionary Crusaders (NDRC) have announced they will commence fresh attacks on oil facilities on 1 September. ? On the 19 July Niger Delta militants attacked Joint Task Force (JTF) troops deployed to Rivers State - the second attack to occur in the Niger Delta region within one week. ?As of 10 July Niger Delta militants have vowed to blow up oil facilities. A community leader stated that the people of the Niger Delta will resume attacks on oil facilities if the Nigerian government continues to ignore them. ? Oil extraction continues to destroy livelihoods across the delta and is the main cause of the tensions between the government and the militants. ?
Violence in the Niger Delta first took place in the early 1990s but attacks on pipelines increased markedly in 2016 when the presidential amnesty programme ceased.? On 7 May, the government announced it would add nearly 100 million USD to a renewed amnesty program. ?In the week prior, 13 oil non-state controlled oil refineries were destroyed by the government. These refineries were a great source of revenue for Niger Delta militant groups. ? ? On 3 May, 15 Niger Delta militants were killed in a clash with the Nigerian army in Ese Odo LGA of Ondo state. ? The Nigerian government announced plans to construct a USD 20 billion gas-fired chemical plant in the Niger Delta. ? Additionally, the Nigerian acting president Yemi Osinbajo directed all international oil companies to move their head offices to the Niger Delta. ?
As of 17 July tensions continue in Kaduna and Plateau state as the federal government has failed to act with regards to managing the conflict between the Fulani herdsmen and local communities. Many communities have been displaced by the herdsmen, severely impacting livelihoods across the states. The refusal of the Nigerian government to remove the Fulani herders, who are predominantly Muslim, from the villages and farmlands belonging to predominantly Christians has added to the religious tensions. ?
As of 17 July ongoing communal clashes between Wanihem and Wanikade communities resulted in over 79 fatalities and 5,000 displaced people seeking refuge in the neighbouring state of Benue. They are in need of both food and shelter, and have limited support from the local communities in Benue state. ?
As of 6 July, escalating conflict between Mambilas farmers and Mbororo herders in Taraba state displaced over 4,000 people to Cameroon.?
150 people were confirmed dead on 4 July after a three-day conflict between two communities in Cross River state. Between 27 and 29 June the people of Wanikade and Wanihem communities, both in Yala LGA, were involved in a communal conflict. Over 150 people died, 14,000 people were displaced, and 1,233 houses were destroyed.?
Northern Nigeria youth groups:
As of 25 August the Coalition of Northern Groups (CNG) announced a suspension of their quit notice.? Earlier this year, 14 youth groups from Northern Nigeria demanded that all members of the Igbo tribe, an ethnic group native to south-central and south-eastern Nigeria, move out of all northern states by 1st October 2017.?
Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB)
On 14 September, in response to the military actions in Abia state, IPOB members killed a police sergeant at Oyigbo Junction in Port Harcourt, Rivers state and burnt down the police station. In addition to the escalating tensions between the IPOB and the military, in Plateau State ethnic tensions between IPOB members and Hausas resulted in violent clashes over the incidents in Abia State. ? ?
On 13 September clashes between the military and IPOB occurred in the southeast of the country, especially in Abia state. IPOB members allegedly clashed with military, whom they feared had been sent on an operation to arrest IPOB leaders. Reports indicate clashes took place within the commercial city of Aba and resulted in a number of fatalities. A three-day dusk to dawn curfew was declared in the city. ?