Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Ongoing instability in the Malian regions of Gao and Menaka has spread into Niger, particularly affecting the border areas of Tahoua and Tillaberi regions, where the frequency of intercommunal clashes and attacks led by armed groups has been increasing since 2018. Attacks, especially against schools, and kidnappings have also been reported in areas that border Burkina Faso as Islamist armed groups take advantage of the porous border to lead actions across the region and evade both Malian and Nigerien armed forces.?
Though the crisis is for now limited in the areas closest to the border with Mali and Burkina Faso, it has led to destabilisation of the region by causing large-scale population movements. There has also been a notable growth in the use of IEDs, targeting military operations but resulting in civilian casualties. ? More than 79,000 people are currently displaced in Tahoua and Tillaberi regions, which also host some 18,000 Malian refugees?Access to food and shelter, as well as to health and WASH infrastructure are among the most reported needs.?
Nine aid workers were kidnapped by suspected armed men on 24 June in Bossey Bangou, Tillaberi region, near the border with Burkina Faso. As of 7 July, they have not been released nor found. Tillaberi and neighbouring Tahoua region are under a state of emergency because of continued violence and increased insecurity, last extended by three months on 15 June. ?
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.
Information gaps and needs
Although attacks continue, there is very little precise information on the number of fatalities in Taouha and Tillabéry provinces.
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.