Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Instability in the Malian regions of Gao and Menaka has spread into Niger, particularly affecting the border areas of Tahoua and Tillaberi regions. Attacks, especially against schools, and abductions have also been reported in areas that border Burkina Faso as Islamist armed groups take advantage of the porous border to lead actions across the region and evade both Malian and Nigerien armed forces. The crisis has led to destabilisation of the region by causing large-scale population movements. There has also been a notable growth in the use of improvised explosive devices targeting military operations but resulting in civilian casualties.? More than 137,000 people are currently displaced in Tahoua and Tillaberi regions which also host some 55,000 Malian refugees.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted because of the unpredictable security situation, with recent developments imposing further constraints on the delivery of aid. The safety of humanitarian workers has been of particular concern following the killing of seven aid workers in Koure (Tillaberi region) on 9 August. Since 2 September, military escorts are required nationwide outside of Niger’s major cities for all travel by diplomats and international organisations. These restrictions have heavily impacted humanitarian operations and prevented international organisations from accessing affected populations. Some humanitarian organisations have suspended activities that require military escorts. Humanitarian operations in some areas of the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions bordering Mali and Burkina Faso are extremely challenging, because of insecurity and government restrictions. The risk of violence makes free movement for the affected population very difficult. As the rainy season ends – it usually lasts from June–October – and as roads that were flooded become useable, armed group activity is expected to increase, generating further access constraints.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Information gaps and needs
Although attacks continue, there is very little precise information on the number of fatalities in Taouha and Tillabéry provinces.
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.