Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Niger: Displacement in Diffa region
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities. ? Cross-border intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to a State of Emergency declared in several departments. ? Insecurity also continues to limit food and humanitarian access, amplifying the effects of drought and floods. In Niger, more than 1.2 million people are expected to face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or worse between June and August 2019.?
Since the start of the rainy season in late July, 57 people have been killed and 240,000 have been affected by flooding across the country with water levels having peaked in late September. Recent riverine flooding along Diffa region’s Komadougou river has displaced upwards of 7,200 people in the region, damaging homes and farmlands. Livelihoods are likely to be impacted long term, as flooding has damaged crops just as the harvest season starts. Humanitarian organizations have started response efforts. Diffa region lacks basic services and is food insecure; it is also home to the highest number of IDPs and refugees in the country, who may be disproportionally affected by the flooding and its long-term effects. ?
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food Security remains a key challenge in Niger, particularly in Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabery regions, where conflict is ongoing. Nationwide, approximately 1.2 million people are in need of food assistance.?
WASH access is limited in large parts of Niger. In rural areas, approximately 65% of the popualtion has limited or no access to clean drinking water.?
Protection needs have increased as a result of the proliferation of armed groups and increasing levels of violence in western Niger, as well as in Diffa where Boko Haram remains active.?