Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
L’accès humanitaire au sahel central: Scénarios
Central Sahel: Humanitarian access and civil-military coordi...
Flooding in Chad, Niger and Nigeria
Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Vulnerability to COVID-19 cont...
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst around 168,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
VERY High constraints
Humanitarian access is deteriorating in Niger as a result of recurrent attacks targeting civilians in the tri-border area of Liptako-Gourma, especially in the Tillabéri and Tahoua regions. During the attacks, armed groups directly target schools, health centres, and other infrastructure, making these buildings inaccessible. Violence and insecurity also drive displacement, forcing people away from public and humanitarian services. Humanitarian organisations are often forced to cancel their field missions because of non-state armed group activities. The imposition of armed escorts by the Government for all movements outside urban areas represents a major barrier for organisations trying to access affected people, as humanitarian staff are often confused with the military. Some organisations had to suspend field missions requiring an armed escort, with heavy consequences for the people relying on the delivery of assistance. Administrative impediments, such as the requirement of movement authorisations by local authorities, and interference with activities continue to be a barrier to access to people in need. Some aid operations have been forced to focus on certain intervention areas and specific populations. COVID-19 measures have also affected humanitarian access in the country. The closure of international borders reduced humanitarian staff and supply movement. Recurrent flooding during the rainy season (June–September), especially in Agadez, Maradi, and Tillabéri regions, hampers humanitarian access.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security: Conflict along the Lake Chad Basin, namely in Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, has limited households’ capacity to meet their food and nutrition needs. Floods during the 2020 rainy season destroyed or damaged crops, reducing the agricultural output. COVID-19 restrictions continue to limit seasonal migration, which is affecting livelihoods.
WASH: Lack of access to WASH infrastructure remains a concern for both displaced and local populations. Floods and disease outbreaks, especially cholera, are driving WASH needs across the country.
Protection: Protection incidents, including cattle theft, violence, kidnapping, and the presence of IEDs, continue to be reported in Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, where armed groups are active. There are not enough services to respond to the population's GBV concerns, and access to these limited services is sometimes difficult. A lack of proper documentation and land rights disputes during displacement and return represent major protection concerns in Niger.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.