Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Niger: Displacement in Diffa region
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst since September 40,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in west Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
Insecurity also continues to limit food and humanitarian access, amplifying the effects of drought and seasonal floods. In Niger, more than 1.2 million people are expected to face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or worse between June and August 2019, the latest figures available.?
350 Sudanese refugees are arrested after part of the Agadez refugee camp in Central Niger, accommodating 1,200 asylum-seekers, was set ablaze on 5 January. The incident took place after a refugee sit-in was violently dispersed by Niger security forces where 450 people were detained and 230 injured. There are fears of new violence and need of medical assistance and rebuilding material.?
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food Security remains a key challenge in Niger, particularly in Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabery regions, where conflict is ongoing. Nationwide, approximately 1.2 million people are in need of food assistance.?
WASH access is limited in large parts of Niger. In rural areas, approximately 65% of the popualtion has limited or no access to clean drinking water.?
Protection needs have increased as a result of the proliferation of armed groups and increasing levels of violence in western Niger, as well as in Diffa where Boko Haram remains active.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.