Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Vulnerability to COVID-19 cont...
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst over 160,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?
Some 2.7 million people are now projected in severe food insecurity (IPC-3 and above) over June-August, an increase from the 2 million previously estimated. The revised projection takes into account the impact of COVID-19, with analysis conducted by the National Mechanism for the Prevention and Management of Disasters and Food Crises (DNPGCCA) and NGOs. COVID-19 containment measures have negatively affected the livelihoods of small-scale producers and urban households dependent on informal labour, reducing purchasing power. Nigerian refugees in Diffa and Maradi regions, and Malian refugees in Tillabery and Tahoua regions along with IDPs are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. Crisis level (IPC-3) food insecurity is expected over June-August in Diffa region, parts of Maradi, Tahoua and Tillabery regions, and in the capital, Niamey.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security remains a key challenge in Niger, particularly for displaced populations and host communities in Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabery regions. Increased violence and COVID-19 related restrictions are expected to increase the number of people projected in severe food insecurity (IPC-3 and above) from 2 million to 2.7 million over June-August. ?
WASH access is limited in large parts of Niger. In rural areas, approximately 65% of the popualtion has limited or no access to clean drinking water.?
Protection needs have increased as a result of the proliferation of armed groups and increasing levels of violence in western Niger, as well as in Diffa where Boko Haram remains active.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.