Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
L’accès humanitaire au sahel central: Scénarios
Central Sahel: Humanitarian access and civil-military coordi...
Humanitarian Access Overview
Flooding in Chad, Niger and Nigeria
Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Vulnerability to COVID-19 cont...
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst around 168,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?
28/05/2021: Following planned returns started on 21 May, all 12,112 people displaced from Anzourou commune to Tillaberi because of armed attacks have returned to their villages of origin. They face WASH, education, and healthcare needs due to the destruction of basic infrastructure. ?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted because of the unpredictable security situation, with recent developments imposing further constraints on the delivery of aid. The safety of humanitarian workers has been of particular concern following the killing of seven aid workers in Koure (Tillaberi region) on 9 August. Since 2 September, military escorts are required nationwide outside of Niger’s major cities for all travel by diplomats and international organisations. These restrictions have heavily impacted humanitarian operations and prevented international organisations from accessing affected populations. Some humanitarian organisations have suspended activities that require military escorts. Humanitarian operations in some areas of the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions bordering Mali and Burkina Faso are extremely challenging, because of insecurity and government restrictions. The risk of violence makes free movement for the affected population very difficult. As the rainy season ends – it usually lasts from June–October – and as roads that were flooded become useable, armed group activity is expected to increase, generating further access constraints.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security: Conflict along the Lake Chad Basin, namely in Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, has limited households’ capacity to meet their food and nutrition needs. Floods during the 2020 rainy season destroyed or damaged crops, reducing the agricultural output. COVID-19 restrictions continue to limit seasonal migration, which is affecting livelihoods.
WASH: Lack of access to WASH infrastructure remains a concern for both displaced and local populations. Floods and disease outbreaks, especially cholera, are driving WASH needs across the country.
Protection: Protection incidents, including cattle theft, violence, kidnapping, and the presence of IEDs, continue to be reported in Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, where armed groups are active. There are not enough services to respond to the population's GBV concerns, and access to these limited services is sometimes difficult. A lack of proper documentation and land rights disputes during displacement and return represent major protection concerns in Niger.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.