Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst around 168,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
VERY High constraints
In the past six months, humanitarian access in Niger has deteriorated because of growing insecurity in Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions. Armed group activity has caused many reactive or preventive displacements after civilians experienced kidnappings, killings, threats, and physical attacks. Access to services such as education is difficult, particularly for people displaced in areas with limited humanitarian access. The number of schools closed because of insecurity increased by around 17% in August compared to May, particularly affecting Tillabéri and Tahoua regions. The curfew in conflict-affected areas further reduces the population’s movements and access to services. The reinstatement of the ban on motorcycle traffic in certain departments of Tillabéri region, following the recent increase in attacks by armed groups, also restricts movement and people’s access to services in these areas.
Administrative constraints related to the state of emergency and the imposition of military escorts have continued to limit humanitarian access to areas where armed groups are particularly active. In Tillabéri region, security forces at checkpoints sometimes refuse humanitarian organisations’ access to certain areas. Insecurity continues to affect humanitarian workers, particularly in the border regions with Mali and Burkina Faso. Since June, attacks by armed groups in Tillabéri region has killed at least one humanitarian and led to the kidnapping of five others. Humanitarian organisations often temporarily suspend their activities because of insecurity in regions bordering Mali and Burkina Faso. The presence of IEDs continues to reduce the areas accessible to aid workers.
Flooding resulting from heavy rains between June–October led to worse access constraints related to the poor quality of roads. For some NGOs, access to fuel is sometimes challenging because of government restrictions that aim to prevent armed groups from refuelling.
For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – December 2022.
Food security: Conflict along the Lake Chad Basin, namely in Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, has limited households’ capacity to meet their food and nutrition needs. Floods during the 2020 rainy season destroyed or damaged crops, reducing the agricultural output. COVID-19 restrictions continue to limit seasonal migration, which is affecting livelihoods.
WASH: Lack of access to WASH infrastructure remains a concern for both displaced and local populations. Floods and disease outbreaks, especially cholera, are driving WASH needs across the country.
Protection: Protection incidents, including cattle theft, violence, kidnapping, and the presence of IEDs, continue to be reported in Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, where armed groups are active. There are not enough services to respond to the population's GBV concerns, and access to these limited services is sometimes difficult. A lack of proper documentation and land rights disputes during displacement and return represent major protection concerns in Niger.?