• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 24,500,000 Total population [?]
  • 3,641,000 People in Need [?]
  • 2,900,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 700,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

30/10/2020

Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst around 168,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?

INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?

Latest Developments

03/08/2022

Since the start of the rainy season in June, at least 50,000 people nationwide have been affected by floods, with at least 22 people killed and 35 others injured as at 31 July. The floods have caused the collapse of more than 5,500 houses, the deaths of hundreds of cattle, destruction of granaries, and the loss of 6 metric tons of food. Zinder, Maradi, Diffa, Tahoua, Dosso, and Tillabéri are the most affected regions. Some of the affected people are reported to have taken refuge in schools, while the whereabouts of others are not yet reported. Shelter, NFIs, and food are likely needed. The impact of the floods, including the number of people affected, is expected to increase as further rain is predicted. Some 250,000 people were affected by floods in Niger in 2021.  People initially displaced by insecurity are likely to be displaced again during the rainy season, which will end in September.?

Access Constraints

07/07/2022

High constraints

Niger faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving due to the lifting of certain administrative restrictions related to COVID 19. Fewer cases of denial of the existence of humanitarian needs or denial of the right to humanitarian assistance were reported across the country between January and June 2022. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.  

Update from the October 2021 Risk Analysis

25/03/2022

MEDIUM RISK LEVEL

An increase in attacks targeting civilians leads to displacement and further deterioration of humanitarian conditions in the Tillabéri region

The population created several self-defence militias following increased attacks targeting civilians in Tillabéri region and the intensification of tax collection by armed groups. The growing involvement of civilians in armed fighting resulted in the deaths of 69 civilians belonging to a self-defence militia in Banibangou department on 2 November 2021. They were hunting down armed men they accused of attacking their villages and stealing cattle. Despite calls from the president of the republic to rely on the army, this event reinforced the will of civilians to defend themselves.? Attacks by armed groups remain frequent, pushing the population to move. Regardless, the number of displaced people in the region remained stable at around 99,870 as at 31 January 2022. Return movements were the main reason for the stability of this figure.? Access to education in Tillabéri has particularly deteriorated since the increase in attacks. 579 schools closed at the end of 2021, up from 377 in 2020. The closures affected 53,500 children.? As at 1 October 2021, an estimated 600,000 people were at risk of food insecurity because of recurrent attacks by armed groups against farmers, forcing them to flee their fields. These attacks particularly affected Banibangou department, with more than 79,000 people at risk of food insecurity.? WASH needs remain very high, particularly because of the widespread practice of open defecation and the use of an unimproved water source as the main source of drinking.?

Key priorities

05/02/2021

Food security: Conflict along the Lake Chad Basin, namely in Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, has limited households’ capacity to meet their food and nutrition needs. Floods during the 2020 rainy season destroyed or damaged crops, reducing the agricultural output. COVID-19 restrictions continue to limit seasonal migration, which is affecting livelihoods.

WASH: Lack of access to WASH infrastructure remains a concern for both displaced and local populations. Floods and disease outbreaks, especially cholera, are driving WASH needs across the country.

Protection: Protection incidents, including cattle theft, violence, kidnapping, and the presence of IEDs, continue to be reported in Diffa, Maradi, Tahoua, and Tillabéri regions, where armed groups are active. There are not enough services to respond to the population's GBV concerns, and access to these limited services is sometimes difficult. A lack of proper documentation and land rights disputes during displacement and return represent major protection concerns in Niger.?