Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Vulnerability to COVID-19 cont...
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst since September 40,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in west Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
Insecurity also continues to limit food and humanitarian access, amplifying the effects of drought and seasonal floods. In Niger, more than 1.2 million people are expected to face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or worse between June and August 2019, the latest figures available.?
On 24 April Niger reported a polio outbreak that has affected two children in the regions of Niamey and Tillaberi. Last December Niger announced the end of a polio outbreak that had lasted 24 months. This new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus transmission is not linked to the previous outbreak. Niger has suspended its polio mass vaccination campaign due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The poliovirus will likely continue to circulate given no high-quality immunisation campaigns can be conducted in a timely manner. Weak routine vaccination coverage, vaccine refusal, and difficult access to some locations in Niger have also made it challenging to ensure that all children are immunised.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food Security remains a key challenge in Niger, particularly in Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabery regions, where conflict is ongoing. Nationwide, approximately 1.2 million people are in need of food assistance.?
WASH access is limited in large parts of Niger. In rural areas, approximately 65% of the popualtion has limited or no access to clean drinking water.?
Protection needs have increased as a result of the proliferation of armed groups and increasing levels of violence in western Niger, as well as in Diffa where Boko Haram remains active.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.