Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Vulnerability to COVID-19 cont...
Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities, whilst over 160,000 Nigerian refugees have crossed the border seeking safety in Niger.?Cross-border violence and intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement. ?Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to States of Emergency declared in several departments. ?
INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 7.6/10 and 6.8/10 respectively.?
Heavy rains since June have caused flooding, particularly in the western and central regions. As of 30 August, over 123,000 people have been affected, over 19,000 houses were destroyed, and 33 people died according to the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs. Shelter, NFI ,and WASH kits are urgently needed.?
13/08/2020: Members of an unidentified armed group attacked seven humanitarians working for ACTED and their guide on 9 August, killing all eight people. They were visiting a wildlife reserve near Kouré, in Tillaberi region. The area was known to be free from armed group activity despite its location in the conflict-affected region. Following the attack, the Nigerien government extended the current state of emergency to cover all of Tillaberi.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation, and aggravated by the rainy season, which causes significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions, linked to the presence of armed groups. These regions are covered by a state of emergency, last extended by three months on 15 June, that requires use of security escorts by humanitarian organisations. In Diffa and Tillabery, aid workers have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the temporary suspensions of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups are reported to have increasingly used improvised explosive devices, limiting humanitarian access to contaminated areas and the population’s ability to reach aid services.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security remains a key challenge in Niger, particularly for displaced populations and host communities in Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabery regions. Increased violence and COVID-19 related restrictions are expected to increase the number of people projected in severe food insecurity (IPC-3 and above) from 2 million to 2.7 million over June-August. ?
WASH access is limited in large parts of Niger. In rural areas, approximately 65% of the popualtion has limited or no access to clean drinking water.?
Protection needs have increased as a result of the proliferation of armed groups and increasing levels of violence in western Niger, as well as in Diffa where Boko Haram remains active.?
Conflict in the Sahel
In 2019 the border area shared by Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali, known as Liptako Gourma, saw a rise in intercommunal violence and jihadist activities. Across the region, security incidents were recorded on an almost daily basis, increasingly resulting in civilian casualties. Armed groups have continued to expand their frontlines while authorities struggle to contain the crisis, including widespread displacement and civil discontent.