Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Niger: Displacement in Diffa region
Conflict and displacement in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
After causing waves of displacements from Nigeria since 2013, Boko Haram started leading violent operations in Niger in 2015, mainly in the border region of Diffa. While the situation normalised between 2017 and 2018, an upsurge of violence has been observed since the end of 2018. The population is facing protection concerns as attacks against civilians and human rights violations are recorded with increased frequency. More than 21 attacks were recorded in March 2019 alone, leading to the displacement of some 18,840 people, adding to the 104,000 IDPs already registered in the region. Diffa also hosts some 26,000 returnees and almost 119,000 refugees from Nigeria. ? Insecurity, targeted killings, and population displacement have severely impacted access to health and education in Diffa, while also being the main drivers of food insecurity in the area.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.