Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Niger: Displacement in Diffa region
Conflict and displacement in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
Humanitarian Access Overview
After causing waves of displacements from Nigeria since 2013, Boko Haram started leading violent operations in Niger in 2015, mainly in the border region of Diffa. While the situation normalised between 2017 and 2018, an upsurge of violence has been observed since the end of 2018. The population is facing protection concerns as attacks against civilians and human rights violations are recorded with increased frequency. There were 58 attacks reported between January and June 2020.? There are over 100,000 IDPs and 126,000 refugees in the region.? Insecurity, targeted killings, and population displacement have severely impacted access to health and WASH facilities in Diffa, and are also the main drivers of food insecurity in the area.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
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Humanitarian access continues to be restricted because of the unpredictable security situation, with recent developments imposing further constraints on the delivery of aid. The safety of humanitarian workers has been of particular concern following the killing of seven aid workers in Koure (Tillaberi region) on 9 August. Since 2 September, military escorts are required nationwide outside of Niger’s major cities for all travel by diplomats and international organisations. These restrictions have heavily impacted humanitarian operations and prevented international organisations from accessing affected populations. Some humanitarian organisations have suspended activities that require military escorts. Humanitarian operations in some areas of the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions bordering Mali and Burkina Faso are extremely challenging, because of insecurity and government restrictions. The risk of violence makes free movement for the affected population very difficult. As the rainy season ends – it usually lasts from June–October – and as roads that were flooded become useable, armed group activity is expected to increase, generating further access constraints.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.