Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Niger: Displacement in Diffa region
Conflict and displacement in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
After causing waves of displacements from Nigeria since 2013, Boko Haram started leading violent operations in Niger in 2015, mainly in the border region of Diffa. While the situation normalised between 2017 and 2018, an upsurge of violence has been observed since the end of 2018. The population is facing protection concerns as attacks against civilians and human rights violations are recorded with increased frequency. More than 21 attacks were recorded in March 2019 alone, leading to the displacement of some 18,840 people.109,000 IDPs are currently registered in the region. ? Diffa also hosts some 26,000 returnees and more than 119,500 refugees from Nigeria. ?Insecurity, targeted killings, and population displacement have severely impacted access to health and education in Diffa, while also being the main drivers of food insecurity in the area.
On 17 February at least 20 people died, of which four refugees, and 10 were injured in a stampede during a food and cash distribution in the town of Diffa. The Diffa region currently hosts more than 250,000 displaced people, of which approximately 120,000 of them are refugees from Nigeria and some 110,000 are IDPs. The border between Diffa region and Nigeria has been repeatedly struck by Boko Haram attacks since 2015 and the region has been severely hit by floods since October. The worsening security situation drives new major displacements, secondary movements, and irregular access for humanitarian actors. ?
Humanitarian access remains restricted due to the unpredictable security situation and infrastructure damage, but the situation was aggravated by the rainy season causing significant flooding across large areas of Niger. Movement is impeded in conflict areas, particularly the Tahoua, Tillabery, and Diffa regions where government forces have very little presence. Humanitarian organisations require armed escorts to undertake work in these regions, currently under a ‘state of emergency’. In Diffa and Tillabery, humanitarian actors have been targeted. Spikes in violence have caused the periodic suspension of humanitarian operations. Further, armed groups have increasingly used improvised explosive devices and landmine incidents in western Niger remain frequent.