Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Insecurity in Cabo Delgado
Islamic extremists have been launching violent attacks on civilians in the northern province of Cabo Delgado since October 2017, resulting in at least 100,000 people displaced.?Events involving the group, known as Ahlu Sunna Wa-Jama, have been increasing with incessant attacks on both civilians and military installations. The group’s activities have been concentrated on the coast of Cabo Delgado from Pemba to the Tanzanian border. Government response, however, is leading to human rights abuses. Government forces have detained journalists for covering events in Cabo Delgado and subjected civilians suspected of supporting the group to perquisitions, looting, and arbitrary detention.? If the government fails to address the social, economic, religious and political dynamics behind the insurgency, the attacks are very likely to continue. The attacks have already affected the food security situation in Cabo Delgado, where Stressed levels (IPC-2) are reported along the coast compared to Minimal (IPC-1) food insecurity in the rest of the province, due to restricted access to crops and livelihoods for fear of violence. ?
24/03/2020: On 23 March, suspected Ahlu Sunna wah Jamma militants overran and cut off the town of Mocímboa da Praia (pop 127,000), Cabo Delgado province, 60km south of Afungi peninsula where liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations are located.?The militants took over the airbase, military barracks and port, and raised their flag over the town. Security forces are countering the offensive and evacuating area residents. 3 people were reported dead.?
12/02/2020: An intensification of attacks from NSAGs in Cabo Delgado has led to a request by ExxonMObil and Total for the increase of military personnel from 500 to 800 in the oil-rich area. Cabo Delgado has witnessed about 28 attacks in over 16 provinces from January to February 2020 alone. Activities of NSAGs has affected over 156,000 people, with more than 500 fatalities reported since they started. ?