Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Mozambique: Conflict escalation in Cabo Delgado
Since October 2017, an Islamic extremist armed group has been launching violent attacks on civilians in the northern province of Cabo Delgado. Violent incidents involving the group, known as Ahlu Sunna Wal-Jama, have been increasing, with incessant attacks on civilians, government forces, and military installations. The group’s activities have been concentrated on the coast of Cabo Delgado from Pemba city to the Tanzanian border. The government’s response, however, has led to further human rights abuses. Government forces have detained journalists for covering events in Cabo Delgado and subjected civilians suspected of supporting the group to searches, looting, and arbitrary detention. The violence in Cabo Delgado has continued into 2021, causing insecurity and displacement within the province, and displacement to the neighbouring provinces of Niassa and Nampula.?
Since the beginning of 2020, the number of IDPs in the three provinces has increased from 90,000 to over 500,000. The number of IDPs more than quadrupled from March 2020 (over 110,400) to November 2020 (nearly 530,000) because of the increase in violent attacks and threats of attacks on civilians. An estimated 45% of all IDPs are children. Over 90% of IDPs live with host families. In 2020, increased violations against civilians, including killings, beheadings, and kidnappings, were reported in Cabo Delgado. ?
Health, WASH, and education services that were already stretched to capacity across Cabo Delgado have also been significantly impacted by the escalating violence. An estimated 1.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection in the three provinces in 2021 (around 12% of the provinces’ total population). ?
By the end of 2020, conflict in Cabo Delgado had displaced almost 670,000 people within Cabo Delgado and to Niassa and Nampula provinces. 580,000 were displaced in 2020 alone as violence intensified throughout the year.
Nearly 950,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and higher levels of acute food insecurity in the three provinces over January-March. Insecurity has disrupted markets, blocked supply routes, and increased food prices, while repeated displacement has destroyed livelihoods. The number of people facing acute food insecurity in Cabo Delgado is projected to increase from 666,000 to 770,000 in the April-September period. 227,000 people are projected to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4), representing a 60% increase over current numbers.
Nine out of 55 health facilities in nine conflict-affected Cabo Delgado districts are non-operational and 686 health professionals have fled because of insecurity. Cholera cases are increasing, especially among displaced people who have limited access to clean water.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Protection: Continued and increasing levels of conflict and displacement have resulted in protection needs. Overcrowding in shelters and a lack of livelihood opportunities increase the risk of sexual exploitation and abuse. Women and girls are at particular risk of kidnapping, rape, forced marriage, and forced prostitution.?
WASH: WASH needs are urgent in Macimboa da Praia, Macomia, and Ibo where IDPs have insufficient potable water and latrines. Since the end of January a cholera outbreak was declared in five districts with 960 cases and 15 deaths as of May 2020.?
Health: 36% of health facilities in Cabo Delgado have been damaged or destroyed as a result of conflict. This has reduced capacity to detect and respond to disease outbreaks, including cholera, measles, and COVID-19. There is a need to ensure the continuity of sexual and reproductive health services as well as GBV prevention and response services.?
Food security: Escalating violence and displacement have worsened the food security situation in affected areas. As at December 2020, it was estimated that over 900,000 people in Cabo Delgado, Niassa, and Nampula provinces were facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. With limited supplies reaching markets and being sold, the cost of food and household items has increased rapidly.?