Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Conflict escalation in Cabo Delgado
Islamic extremists have been launching violent attacks on civilians in the northern province of Cabo Delgado since October 2017, resulting in at least 211,500 people displaced. Events involving the group, known as Ahlu Sunna Wa-Jama, have been increasing with incessant attacks on civilians, government forces and military installations. The group’s activities have been concentrated on the coast of Cabo Delgado from Pemba to the Tanzanian border. Government response, however, is leading to human rights abuses. Government forces have detained journalists for covering events in Cabo Delgado and subjected civilians suspected of supporting the group to perquisitions, looting, and arbitrary detention. The attacks have affected the food security situation in Cabo Delgado, where Crisis levels (IPC-3) are reported along the coast compared to Minimal (IPC-1) food insecurity in the neighbouring provinces, due to restricted access to crops and livelihoods for fear of violence.?
12/11/2020: The overall security situation in Cabo Delgado is deteriorating: violence has escalated, with reports of at least 50 civilians killed by insurgents over 7-10 November, abductions of women and children have increased, and homes have been torched. In the second half of October, 219 boats carrying 11,200 IDPs arrived at a beach in Paquitequete, a densely populated district of Pemba, the provincial capital. Almost half of those arrivals are children, including 25 unaccompanied minors. Since 2017, the conflict has resulted in 712,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance and over 355,000 IDPs, 74% of whom (estimated 265,000 people) were displaced in 2020 alone.?
29/10/2020: The number of IDPs in Mozambique increased from 15,000 in late 2018 to 424,200 (1.4% of Mozambique's population) by September 2020, mainly as a result of the ongoing insurgency in Cabo Delgado province. Conflict has displaced some 310,000 people (13% of Cabo Delgado's population) in northern Mozambique since 2017. Currently, approximately 19,500 IDPs (3,981 households) are living in government-run relief centres. Most displaced families are sheltering with other households, creating a strain on common resources. Displaced populations are in immediate need of food, WASH, and access to health services and shelter. Response is ongoing but current quantities of aid are reported insufficient to attend to all those in need.?
27/10/2020: The number of IDPs in Mozambique increased from 15,000 in late 2018 to 424,200 by September 2020, mainly a result of insurgency in Cabo Delgado province. Conflict has displaced some 310,000 people (13% of Cabo Delgado's population) in northern Mozambique. Most displaced families are sheltering with households that have few resources.?
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Protection: Continued and increasing levels of displacement have resulted in protection needs. Overcrowding and the lack of livelihood opportunities increases the risk of abuse.?
WASH: WASH needs are urgent in Macimboa da Praia, Macomia, and Ibo where IDPs have insufficient potable water and latrines. Since the end of January a cholera outbreak was declared in five districts with 960 cases and 15 deaths as of May 2020.?
Shelter and Core Relief items: Basic shelter materials and improved housing conditions are still needed following Cyclone Kenneth and continued internal displacement as a result of the insurgency.?