Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Conflict escalation in Cabo Delgado
Islamic extremists have been launching violent attacks on civilians in the northern province of Cabo Delgado since October 2017, resulting in at least 211,500 people displaced. Events involving the group, known as Ahlu Sunna Wa-Jama, have been increasing with incessant attacks on civilians, government forces and military installations. The group’s activities have been concentrated on the coast of Cabo Delgado from Pemba to the Tanzanian border. Government response, however, is leading to human rights abuses. Government forces have detained journalists for covering events in Cabo Delgado and subjected civilians suspected of supporting the group to perquisitions, looting, and arbitrary detention. The attacks have affected the food security situation in Cabo Delgado, where Crisis levels (IPC-3) are reported along the coast compared to Minimal (IPC-1) food insecurity in the neighbouring provinces, due to restricted access to crops and livelihoods for fear of violence.?
On 12 July, health authorities reported that 37 out of a total of 130 health facilities have closed in Cabo Delgado province due to continued violence between insurgent and government forces. The districts of Mocímboa da Praia, Quissanga, Meluco, and Macomia are the most affected. The closure of health facilities has left estimated 712,000 people in need of health services. In Mocímboa da Praia, at least five IDP deaths due to diarrhoea were reported last week, with a heightened risk of transmission after the destruction of the water systems, also due to conflict. Since January 2020, a cholera outbreak was identified in Mocímboa da Praia, Macomia, and Ibo, with internal displacement increasing the strain on limited resources and sanitation facilities across other districts.?