Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The rainy and cyclone season typically runs from October–April in Mozambique.?Tropical storms and cyclones in the country have increased in frequency and intensity because of higher ocean temperatures brought on by climate change.?Since January 2022, Mozambique has been affected by three tropical storms or cyclones.?
Tropical Storm Ana made landfall in Nampula province on 24 January, with sustained wind speed ranging from 100–130km/h. As at 2 March, the storm affected over 185,000 people, killed 25, and injured 220.? Tropical Storm Dumako made landfall in Mozambique on 17 February, with wind speed of up to 65km/h. As at 2 March, it affected at least 23,700 people.? Tropical Cyclone Gombe made landfall in Nampula province on 11 March, with wind speed of up to 190km/h. As at 29 March, it affected over 736,000 people, killed 63, and injured 108.? These severe weather events have affected some areas multiple times, with Nampula and Zambezia provinces affected by all three.?
There are humanitarian access constraints caused by flooding, which has made roads impassable in some areas. Rising water levels in the Rovubue, Luazi, and Licungo Rivers disrupted transport networks and nearby roads, damaging bridges that were connecting various areas.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Food and livelihoods: Around 220,425 hectares of crops were destroyed by flooding. Livelihood activities involving agriculture and livestock were also disrupted. This may worsen food security and livelihood outcomes in areas affected by the storm.?
Shelter/NFIs: At least 183,312 homes need rehabilitation after partial or complete damage caused by heavy rain and cyclones. Both emergency and durable shelter solutions are needed. Affected households also need mosquito nets, jerry cans, sleeping mats, basins, blankets, and kitchen sets.?
Education: Around 3,843 classrooms have been damaged by the storm, disrupting learning for 468,116 students.?
Health: Health services in affected areas have been disrupted because of damage to 103 health centres caused by flooding. Cases of diarrhoea in Nampula and Zambezia provinces have increased. A cholera outbreak in Sofala province was also declared in February 2022.?
WASH: Some WASH infrastructure has been damaged and some water sources contaminated, impacting water supply for domestic use in affected areas. The damaged infrastructure needs rehabilitation. Affected communities also need safe water for drinking and domestic use, as well as hygiene materials like soap.?
Psychosocial support: Since affected communities are impacted by natural hazards every year, they face difficulties recovering economically. This has affected their mental health, and they need psychosocial care.?