Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Tropical Cyclone Freddy made its first landfall in Inhambane province on 24 February 2023 before making a second landfall on 11 March in Quelimane district, Zambezia province. It later spread to other provinces, affecting 8 out of 11 provinces. The cyclone caused heavy rainfall that led to flooding and landslides. Freddy made landfall with maximum wind speeds at sea measuring 155km/h and sea gusts averaging 220km/h, making it one of the strongest and longest cyclones ever recorded.
The cyclone displaced over 184,000 people, who are living in accommodation centres across affected regions, and destroyed around 132,000 homes, 1,017 schools, and 391,000 hectares of farmland. It also disrupted access to over 5,000km of roads and bridges, hindering the ability of humanitarian response efforts to reach the affected areas, especially in Zambezia and Sofala provinces.
The flooding and water contamination resulting from Freddy led to a sharp increase in cholera cases in March, from 6,329 at the start of the month to over 11,500 by the end.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.