• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Tropical Cyclone Eloise made landfall on 23 January, 20km south of Beira city in Sofala province. High winds and flooding caused widespread damage on a long stretch of coastline in Sofala, Manica, Inhambane, Zambezia, and Gaza provinces.?

The storm has affected areas still recovering from Cyclone Idai and Tropical Storm Chalane, which made landfall in Beira city on 14 March 2019 and December 2020 respectively. Tropical Cyclone Eloise has negatively affected recovery efforts from the previous storms and has left over 260,000 people in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. The economic effects of COVID-19 containment measures, which have reduced incomes and livelihoods, had already constrained people’s ability to recover from the impacts of consecutive storms.?

The cyclone has affected 315,000 people, of whom 20,000 remain displaced in 31 temporary accommodation centres. Over 29,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, mostly in Sofala province, but also in Manica, Zambezia, Inhambane, and Gaza provinces. Flooding also damaged schools and health centres across Sofala. The storm destroyed thousands of shelters and latrines in 70 resettlement sites established after Cyclone Idai in 2019. Responders face access challenges in several areas because of damage to roads and bridges. Urgent needs of those affected are food, non-food items and shelter repairs, WASH assistance, protection, and preventative measures against COVID-19, malaria, and diarrhoea.?   

Latest Developments


January’s Cyclone Eloise affected 441,700 and displaced 43,330 people. Over 34,000 remain in temporary accommodation centres. 56,000 houses and 8,700 temporary shelters were severely damaged or destroyed. Access to healthcare is limited and cases of malaria and acute watery diarrhoea have been reported among those affected by the cyclone.?

29,900 people displaced by Tropical Cyclone Eloise and Tropical Storm Chalane are sheltering in 31 accommodation centres in Manica and Sofala provinces. In 25 centres, food is the most urgent need. Shelter, WASH facilities, healthcare, and non-food items including mosquito nets and bedding materials are also priority needs.?



Health: Communal shelters are over-crowded, and people lack personal protective equipment and basic WASH facilities. These conditions present high risks of COVID-19 contagion. The presence of stagnant flood waters also increases the risk of water- and vector-borne diseases such as cholera and malaria.?

Food security and livelihoods: It is likely that people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity in areas affected by Tropical Cyclone Eloise, particularly areas already recovering from previous storms. Flooding has destroyed 142,000 hectares of crops in affected areas. Displacement has disrupted livelihoods, and documents lost in the flooding may hinder people’s ability to secure new employment.?

Protection: Displaced people in temporary shelters face increased protection risks. They have reported concerns over the lack of security measures to prevent thefts, assaults, and abuse of vulnerable groups, including unaccompanied children. Communal living spaces increase the risk of sexual and gender-based violence. Many displaced people  reported losing documents in the flooding, which presents difficulties for accessing basic services including healthcare and education.?