Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Tropical cyclone Gombe
Humanitarian Access Overview
Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Eloise
Some areas of Mozambique are experiencing a humanitarian crisis as a result of the impact of multiple natural disasters and an armed insurgency that started in 2017 in the north of the country. Mozambique is particularly prone to natural hazards such as floods, cyclones, and drought. According to the Global Climate Risk Index, Mozambique ranked fifth worldwide as one of the countries most affected by extreme weather events in the last 20 years.? Tropical Storm Ana made landfall in Mozambique on 24 January and has affected 141,483 people. Zambezia, Nampula, and Tete provinces were the most affected, while Niassa, Sofala, and Cabo Delgado provinces were affected to a lesser extent.?
The armed insurgency that began in Cabo Delgado province in 2017 has also affected the neighbouring provinces of Niassa and Nampula. 1.3 million people need humanitarian assistance, and 735,000 are internally displaced because of violence. The humanitarian crisis deteriorated in 2020 when armed attacks by insurgents increased. Internal displacements increased from 90,000 in January 2020 to 668,000 in December 2020. The insurgency has also affected food security, with more than 932,000 people in Cabo Delgado province facing IPC 3 and above outcomes for the period November 2021 to March 2022.?
There are high levels of vulnerability among the people that have experienced multiple shocks. Sofala and Zambezia provinces have been affected by recurrent storms and cyclones, leaving communities little time to rebuild homes and recover their livelihoods. The IDP population in Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces is particularly vulnerable to the impact of Tropical Storm Ana, since some of them have inadequate shelter and WASH facilities.?
INFORM measures Mozambique’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 7.2/10.?
23/06: Non-state armed groups have been launching attacks on the Ancuabe and Chiure districts of Cabo Delgado province since 2 June, torching and looting homes. Several people were killed and kidnapped and over 20,000 people were displaced as at 16 June, both within affected districts and from surrounding ones. Most IDPs fled to sites in Pemba and Chiure districts. They need food, shelter, WASH and NFI assistance.?
Humanitarian access constraints in Mozambique are high and mainly refer to the situation in Cabo Delgado, where violent insurgency continues to obstruct the effective delivery of and access to humanitarian aid in the province. Aid agencies that wish to operate in Cabo Delgado need to go through a complex approval process. This impediment has limited the number of agencies operating there since many do not obtain clearance.
Mozambican security forces have enforced travel restrictions into some dangerous areas of Cabo Delgado, such as Palma district, with harsh penalties for those who do not adhere to the restrictions. Because of attacks by insurgents, residents of Cabo Delgado cannot move freely within the province. Civilian facilities, such as schools and hospitals, have been targeted since the insurgency escalated in 2017. There have been instances where aid agencies temporarily suspended their operations given the volatile security situation.
Military intervention by the Rwandan and Southern African Development Community Military Mission troops, which began in July, has led to reduced insurgent attacks. This situation has contributed to an improvement of the security situation and humanitarian access. The Government has regained control of some areas, such as Mocimboa da Praia town. As the security situation has improved, the Government has allowed aid agencies to access and deliver aid to Palma for the first time in six months in September.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.