• Crisis Severity ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 28,862,000 Total population [?]
  • 10,885,000 People affected [?]
  • 953,000 People displaced [?]
  • 2,490,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

04/02/2022

Some areas of Mozambique are experiencing a humanitarian crisis as a result of the impact of multiple natural disasters and an armed insurgency that started in 2017 in the north of the country. Mozambique is particularly prone to natural hazards such as floods, cyclones, and drought. According to the Global Climate Risk Index, Mozambique ranked fifth worldwide as one of the countries most affected by extreme weather events in the last 20 years.? Tropical Storm Ana made landfall in Mozambique on 24 January and has affected 141,483 people. Zambezia, Nampula, and Tete provinces were the most affected, while Niassa, Sofala, and Cabo Delgado provinces were affected to a lesser extent.?

The armed insurgency that began in Cabo Delgado province in 2017 has also affected the neighbouring provinces of Niassa and Nampula. 1.3 million people need humanitarian assistance, and 735,000 are internally displaced because of violence. The humanitarian crisis deteriorated in 2020 when armed attacks by insurgents increased. Internal displacements increased from 90,000 in January 2020 to 668,000 in December 2020. The insurgency has also affected food security, with more than 932,000 people in Cabo Delgado province facing IPC 3 and above outcomes for the period November 2021 to March 2022.?

There are high levels of vulnerability among the people that have experienced multiple shocks. Sofala and Zambezia provinces have been affected by recurrent storms and cyclones, leaving communities little time to rebuild homes and recover their livelihoods. The IDP population in Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces is particularly vulnerable to the impact of Tropical Storm Ana, since some of them have inadequate shelter and WASH facilities.?

INFORM measures Mozambique’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 7.2/10.?

Latest Developments

27/07/2022

27/07: Around 92,000 people were displaced after an escalation of non-state armed group attacks in Ancuabe and Chiure districts (Cabo Delgado province) in June. The displaced people took refuge in IDP sites in Nampula province (Erati district) and within Cabo Delgado province (Pemba, Chiure, Metuge and Ancuabe districts). The rising number of IDPs in districts such as Pemba has put a strain on the resources in host communities. The government has sought humanitarian support to relocate 20,000 IDPs from Pemba district to alternative sites in Ancuabe district. The displaced people need shelter, non-food items, food, healthcare, and WASH assistance. Education support is needed as 36,000 children from displaced families have had their access to education disrupted. Travel restrictions to some areas in Ancuabe, Chiure and Metuge districts have constrained humanitarian access, and some humanitarian organisations have suspended their operations in Ancuabe district due to heightened insecurity. The situation remains fluid, with some displaced people starting to return to their homes.?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

High constraints

Mozambique faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022