Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique is highly vulnerable to climate change and experiences repeated climatic hazards, including depressions and tropical cyclones and above-average rains throughout the rainy season, which cause riverine and flash floods. The rainy season typically runs from November–April in the northern region and October–March in the southern and central regions. ?
In March–April 2019, flooding damaged public and critical infrastructure, including schools, health facilities, water facilities, roads, and bridges. Many people working in agriculture lost their source of livelihood, such as crops and livestock. The overflowing of dams further worsened the impact of flash floods, as water discharged from the dams to reduce their risk of bursting added to the flooding in affected areas. ?
In February 2023, flooding caused displacements; cut off some regions (such as Matutuíne district of Maputo province) from humanitarian access; and increased the vulnerability of the affected population to the spread of waterborne diseases, such as cholera, potentially further straining the already weak health sector. Response to the floods is particularly challenging in Cabo Delgado given the insecurity resulting from the violent insurgency of Islamist armed groups since 2017. ?
From the beginning of February 2023, heavy rains caused floods in Maputo province and Maputo city. An estimated 43,400 people were affected, more than 16,000 displaced and 10 fatalities reported as at 17 February. Main harvest that runs from March to May in southern and central Mozambique might be affected as more than 71,000 hectares of cropland have been flooded. ?