Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Eloise
Humanitarian Access Overview
Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms, and flash floods. In addition, the southern region suffers from drought. The recurrence of these events has had detrimental effects on food security and nutrition nationwide. The country is also battling domestic insurgency in its northern province of Cabo Delgado, which is rich in liquified gas.?
In 2019, Mozambique was hit by two tropical cyclones, Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, in the same season for the first time in recorded history. This resulted in widespread destruction and affected some 2 million people. As of March 2020, humanitarian assistance is provided to approximately 99,000 people across 73 resettlement sites in the provinces affected by the two cyclones.?
Cabo Delgado province has been affected by a suspected Islamist insurgency since October 2017, with violent attacks displacing up to 530,000 people, many of whom have been forced to move multiple times. Counter-attacks by the Government have led to human rights abuses. The existence of liquified gas in the area makes it a hub for exploration companies and foreign nationals, increasing security concerns in the region.?
Flooding caused by heavy rains has left 27,000 people isolated in Boane municipality (Maputo). Overflow of the Umbeluzi River has submerged two key bridges, preventing movement of people and goods in and out of affected areas. Floods have isolated people in Magude, Moamba and Matutuíne districts.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Violent insurgency in Cabo Delgado continues to obstruct the effective delivery of and access to humanitarian aid in Mozambique. The conflict is largely localised, but the continually changing geographic boundaries of the disputed area and resultant shifts in authority and governance make the organisation of humanitarian aid or corridors problematic. Following an escalation of attacks in January 2021, Mocimboa da Praia, Muidumbe, Palma, and Macomia districts were temporarily inaccessible to humanitarian partners. Violence-related displacement can be seen both in the Cabo Delgado region and across the Tanzanian border, threatening regional security and the stability of humanitarian access. Even when it can be delivered, humanitarian aid is often unevenly distributed, depending on who is in charge. The combination of administrative barriers placed by the Government of Mozambique on humanitarian organisations, COVID-19-related restrictions, and a general lack of accurate information regarding where humanitarian aid is needed makes access to humanitarian aid and access by humanitarian aid workers a challenge. Humanitarian interventions are still needed to address damage inflicted by Cyclones Idai (March 2019) and Kenneth (April 2019), and the conflict in Cabo Delgado has further deteriorated existing infrastructure. COVID-19-related restriction measures are creating barriers to reaching people in need.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Impact of COVID-19
Mozambique has seen a significant increase in COVID-19 cases since the beginning of 2021. On 26 January, the country recorded its highest daily case number of 1,274. 50% of all COVID-19 deaths recorded in the country since the pandemic began occurred in January. These spikes are largely attributed to the new COVID-19 strain spreading through southern Africa.?
Health workers are struggling to treat the escalating number of COVID-19 patients. There is a high risk of COVID-19 contagion, particularly in IDP shelters in northern and central Mozambique as a result of overcrowding and unsanitary conditions. Humanitarian organisations have highlighted the urgent need for vaccine distribution in the country.?
COVID-19 prevention measures, including border closures with South Africa, are expected to reduce cross-border trade and remittances. The decline in informal cross-border food trade is likely to increase imported food prices and further reduce household purchasing power. These impacts could escalate food insecurity for poor households, particularly in southern and central regions that are close to the South African border and that rely most on cross-border food trade. ?