Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Conflict escalation in Cabo Delgado
Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms, and flash floods. In addition, the southern region suffers from drought. The recurrence of these events has had detrimental effects on food security and nutrition nationwide. The country is also battling domestic insurgency in its northern province of Cabo Delgado, which is rich in liquified gas.?
In 2019, Mozambique was hit by two tropical cyclones, Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, in the same season for the first time in recorded history. This resulted in widespread destruction and affected some 2 million people. As of March 2020, humanitarian assistance is provided to approximately 99,000 people across 73 resettlement sites in the provinces affected by the two cyclones.?
Cabo Delgado province has been affected by a suspected Islamist insurgency since October 2017, with violent attacks displacing up to 250,000 people. Counter-attacks by the Government have led to human rights abuses. The existence of liquified gas in the area makes it a hub for exploration companies and foreign nationals, increasing security concerns in the region.?
12/11/2020: The overall security situation in Cabo Delgado is deteriorating: violence has escalated, with reports of at least 50 civilians killed by insurgents over 7-10 November, abductions of women and children have increased, and homes have been torched. In the second half of October, 219 boats carrying 11,200 IDPs arrived at a beach in Paquitequete, a densely populated district of Pemba, the provincial capital. Almost half of those arrivals are children, including 25 unaccompanied minors. Since 2017, the conflict has resulted in 712,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance and over 355,000 IDPs, 74% of whom (estimated 265,000 people) were displaced in 2020 alone.?
29/10/2020: The number of IDPs in Mozambique increased from 15,000 in late 2018 to 424,200 (1.4% of Mozambique's population) by September 2020, mainly as a result of the ongoing insurgency in Cabo Delgado province. Conflict has displaced some 310,000 people (13% of Cabo Delgado's population) in northern Mozambique since 2017. Currently, approximately 19,500 IDPs (3,981 households) are living in government-run relief centres. Most displaced families are sheltering with other households, creating a strain on common resources. Displaced populations are in immediate need of food, WASH, and access to health services and shelter. Response is ongoing but current quantities of aid are reported insufficient to attend to all those in need.?
27/10/2020: The number of IDPs in Mozambique increased from 15,000 in late 2018 to 424,200 by September 2020, mainly a result of insurgency in Cabo Delgado province. Conflict has displaced some 310,000 people (13% of Cabo Delgado's population) in northern Mozambique. Most displaced families are sheltering with households that have few resources.?
24/09/2020: Approximately 310,000 people have been displaced in Northern Mozambique due to the ongoing conflict in Cabo Delgado since 2017, of which 60,000 are estimated to have been displaced in the past month. Continued violence is resulting in the deterioration of food security in Cabo Delgado and its periphery, where more than 280,000 people assessed are currently facing Crisis levels of food insecurity or above (IPC Phase 3+). Outbreaks of cholera and acute watery diarrhoea are exacerbating the crisis. At least 1,000 refugees have crossed the northern border into Tanzania, where the government fears a spillover of the violence. Insurgents took control of Mocimboa da Praia, the Mozambican government’s major port of resupply for military equipment, between 5-11 August 2020.?
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