Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mozambique: Conflict escalation in Cabo Delgado
Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms, and flash floods. In addition, the southern region suffers from drought. The recurrence of these events has had detrimental effects on food security and nutrition nationwide. The country is also battling domestic insurgency in its northern province of Cabo Delgado, which is rich in liquified gas.?
In 2019, Mozambique was hit by two tropical cyclones, Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, in the same season for the first time in recorded history. This resulted in widespread destruction and affected some 2 million people. As of March 2020, humanitarian assistance is provided to approximately 99,000 people across 73 resettlement sites in the provinces affected by the two cyclones.?
Cabo Delgado province has been affected by a suspected Islamist insurgency since October 2017, with violent attacks displacing up to 250,000 people. Counter-attacks by the Government have led to human rights abuses. The existence of liquified gas in the area makes it a hub for exploration companies and foreign nationals, increasing security concerns in the region.?
24/09/2020: Approximately 310,000 people have been displaced in Northern Mozambique due to the ongoing conflict in Cabo Delgado since 2017, of which 60,000 are estimated to have been displaced in the past month. Continued violence is resulting in the deterioration of food security in Cabo Delgado and its periphery, where more than 280,000 people assessed are currently facing Crisis levels of food insecurity or above (IPC Phase 3+). Outbreaks of cholera and acute watery diarrhoea are exacerbating the crisis. At least 1,000 refugees have crossed the northern border into Tanzania, where the government fears a spillover of the violence. Insurgents took control of Mocimboa da Praia, the Mozambican government’s major port of resupply for military equipment, between 5-11 August 2020.?
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