Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 59,000 People displaced [?]
Regional instability and conflict in Mali continue to drive displacement into Mauritania. As of May 2020, over 61,000 Malian refugees, are living in and around Mbera camp in the southeast of Mauritania.?The camp continues to be highly dependent on the government and external humanitarian assistance. Being a long-time established refugee camp, humanitarian actors’ strategies for the refugee population are focused on both ensuring access to basic services as well as supporting empowering activities, durable solutions and peaceful coexistence with the local community. Large scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to the persistence of violence in central and northern Mali. ?
INFORM measures Mauritania's risk of a humanitarian crisis for 2019 as high at 6.2/10. ?
There is a rapid increase in the number of Malians fleeing to Mauritania. As of 21 February, about 1,000 Malian refugees have fled to Mauritania within only ten days while the usual average of arrivals is 50 people per week. Malian refugees crossing into Mauritania are usually from Northern Mali, but new arrivals have mostly fled Segou and Niono in central Mali suggesting that the recent surge is caused by the increase of violence in central Mali.?
Very little information is available regarding the humanitarian conditions of Malian refugees in Mauritania. This is particularly the case for refugees residing outside of Mbera camp.