Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Mauritania is vulnerable to natural hazards such as droughts and flooding, causing malnutrition, disrupted livelihoods, and food insecurity. More than two-thirds of Mauritania is desert, and less than 1% of its land is usable for agriculture. The majority of the population (65%) provide for themselves through traditional agriculture and livestock farming and are heavily dependent on the rainy seasons, however, climate change has resulted in unpredictable seasonal rains, desertification and climatic conditions.?
According to analysis from December 2020, over 409,000 people faced Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) levels of food insecurity between September–December 2020. This is a 33% decrease from over 609,000 people who faced the same levels for the period June–August 2020, primarily because the lean season (the period between planting and harvesting when food reserves and incomes decrease) ended in November 2020.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Nutrition: Malnutrition is widespread in Mauritania. More than 123,000 children will require emergency assistance to prevent and treat acute malnutrition in 2020, including more than 27,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition.?