Insecurity persists in northern and central Mali. Tensions between two of the signatories of the 2015 peace deal, the Azawad Movement Coalition (CMA) and the Groupe Autodéfense Touareg Imghad et Alliés (GATIA), periodically flare into conflict.  Attacks by Islamist armed groups, who are not part of the peace agreement, increased in 2016 and continued in 2017. 

Overall, a lack of access to basic social services and the low presence and capacity of public administration drives humanitarian needs. IDPs and refugees have been slowly returning home, but as of May 2017, over 52,000 people are internally displaced and more than 140,000 refugees remain in neighbouring countries.?

INFORM measures Mali's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6/10. Hazard, exposure, a lack of coping capacity, and vulnerability are all at alarming levels, at 5.3/10, 6.8/10 and 6/10 respectively.?

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last check: 17/01

Key figures

  • 4,100,000 in need of humanitarian assistance  [?]
  • 1,700,000 in need of health services  [?]
  • 950,000 in need of protection  [?]
  • 290,000 food insecure (Crisis)  [?]

Key priorities

Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the north.

Food security is of particular concern in Timbuktu and Mopti regions.

Health needs are high as access to services is poor and epidemics pose a major risk.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Limited access to the north makes it difficult to assess exact needs.
  • Infrequent updates on exact health and WASH needs.
  • Wide gap between the number of returnees registered by the Malian government and UNHCR
  • Limited or lack of information on access constraints for the population to humanitarian assistance and basic social services 
Key documents

Centre du Mali: Enjeux et dangers d'une crise négligée



Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Mali

International Crisis Group


Mali central: la fabrique d'une insurrection?

Institute for Security Studies


Armed groups in Mali: Beyond the labels

Clingendael Research Institute


Fix the Unfixable - Dealing With a Full-Blown Crisis and Instability: How to Bring Greater Stability to the Sahel?

International Crisis Group


Mali: Peace From Below?