Insecurity persists in northern and central Mali. Tensions between two of the signatories of the 2015 peace deal, the Azawad Movement Coalition (CMA) and the Groupe Autodéfense Touareg Imghad et Alliés(GATIA), periodically flare into conflict. Attacks by Islamist armed groups, who are not part of the peace agreement, increased in 2016 and have continued into 2018. Conflict and insecurity are driving displacement and humanitarian needs in the affected areas. The most important needs are food security, health and protection. Timbuktu, Gao and Mopti regions are the areas with the most people in need of assistance. However, capacity to respond is severely limited due to a lack of access in the conflict-affected areas.?
Overall, a lack of access to basic social services and the low presence and capacity of public administration drives humanitarian needs across the country.?
INFORM measures Mali's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6/10. Hazard, exposure, a lack of coping capacity, and vulnerability are all at concerning levels, at 5.3/10, 6.8/10 and 6/10 respectively.?
Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the north.
Food security is of particular concern in Timbuktu and Mopti regions.
Health needs are high as access to services is poor and epidemics pose a major risk.
Information Gaps and needs
- Limited access to the north makes it difficult to assess exact needs.
- Infrequent updates on exact health and WASH needs.
- Wide gap between the number of returnees registered by the Malian government and UNHCR
- Limited or lack of information on access constraints for the population to humanitarian assistance and basic social services