Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Tropical Cyclone Ana, which formed in the Indian Ocean on 21 January, made landfall in Malawi on 24 January, bringing heavy rain and causing floods. The storm affected around 20 districts in the Southern and Central regions of Malawi. The most affected districts are Phalombe, Chiradzulu, Mulanje, and Chikwawa. At least 32 people were killed and 147 injured as at 30 January. The storm caused damage to infrastructure including electricity generators, resulting in power cuts. Water pumping operations in Blantyre district were affected by the power cuts, leaving people without drinking water and electricity. ?
As at 28 January, close to 414,000 people (92,000 households) have been affected Cyclone Ana and subsequent floods and heavy rain. More than 76,000 people (17,000 households) have been displaced. Floods have also destroyed a bridge in Chikwawa district, leaving an unknown number of people stranded before boats were sent to rescue them. It is estimated that flooding damaged about 34,000 hectares of cropland, increasing the risk of below-average harvest in March 2022.?
A lack of fuel and basic items is likely in the country because heavy rain and floods have been disrupting the transportation of goods. Shortages of some goods have already occurred in parts of the country.?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Shelter: Some 76,000 people are displaced following Cyclone Ana. IDPs are sheltering in emergency sites, mostly set up in schools and churches, as well as in hospitals and made-up camps. Several emergency shelters used for Cyclone Ana were already operational because seasonal floods in Malawi in early January displaced around 6,500 people.?
WASH: Lack of access to drinking water is reported in most affected districts as power cuts have disrupted water treatment and distribution systems. IDPs staying in schools likely have limited access to safe drinking water and hygiene kits. Approximately 4% of schools in the country have access to handwashing facilities and soap, and only 9% have permanent access to safe drinking water.?
Food: More than 1.4 million people were facing Crisis levels (IPC Phase 3) of food insecurity between November–December 2021. Heavy rain and floods will likely deteriorate food security levels because they cause damage to maize, a staple food for households in Malawi.?
Livelihood: Households in Malawi depend mainly on agriculture and livestock for livelihood. Heavy rain and floods have already affected 91,000 hectares of land area and 17,000 hectares of cropland. More than 34,000 livestock were injured or killed.?