Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
5.4 million people are facing (IPC CFI Levels 3 or 4) of food insecurity in 2022. Floods, dry spells, and declining livelihood opportunities resulting from the impact of COVID-19 have been intensifying the food security crisis in Malawi since 2019. The south of the country is most affected..?
The economic situation in Malawi has been deteriorating. Following a 20% spike in fuel prices in September 2021, prices of basic items such as cooking oil, cassava, and firewood increased. Several antigovernment protests to denounce the high cost of living and high unemployment rates have been taking place since November 2021 and are expected to continue. Shortages in fuel and some basic items and a further increase in prices are expected following the impact of Tropical Cyclone Ana, which hit the country on 24 January. The storm has disrupted the supply chain and affected infrastructure, agricultural land, and livestock.?
The food insecurity situation is projected to worsen between October 2022 and March 2023.?
A cholera outbreak declared in Malawi on 3 March, with the first confirmed case reported in the southern district of Machinga, continues to spread and is now the largest outbreak reported in the last decade. Heavy rainfall and flooding that began early in the year have aggravated the spread. As at 7 November, a total of 6,253 cases and 188 deaths have been recorded (CFR: 3%), with cases reported from 27 of 28 districts. Northern districts are currently the worst affected. The lack of safe water and sanitation are facilitating the spread, with risk of the outbreak worsening during the rainy season over November–March. The health system is also confronting public health concerns including COVID-19 and polio. Outbreak response has included the distribution of cholera vaccines and there is an urgent need for medical supplies, vaccines, WASH, and education.?
Health: COVID-19 remains an immediate public health risk across the country despite the decreasing number of cases. Other disease outbreaks are common in Malawi, such as malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, tuberculosis, and scabies. Response in sexual and reproductive health is equally needed. ?
Nutrition: Over 37% of children in Malawi experience stunting because of malnutrition. Undernourishment increases the risk of being affected by illnesses, especially respiratory infections. ?
Food: Food remains the highest priority for the Malawians as continued poor harvests will affect food availability and nutrition levels.?