Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The cyclone season usually runs between November–March in Madagascar. Since mid-January 2022, the country has been impacted by five tropical weather events. As at 13 March, an estimated 960,000 people have been affected by tropical cyclones and storms, and 206 deaths were reported.?
Tropical Storm Ana made landfall in northern Madagascar on 22 January, displacing around 36,600 people. Between 5–6 February, Tropical Cyclone Batsirai struck the majority of regions in Madagascar. More than 62,000 people were displaced into shelters and evacuation centres. Tropical Storm Dumako made landfall on the northeastern coast on 15 February, displacing over 2,900 people. Dumako affected over 5,000 people, including 3,000 already displaced by Tropical Storm Ana and Tropical Cyclone Batsirai. On 23 February, Tropical Cyclone Emnati made landfall in southern and southern-eastern Madagascar. At least 44,000 people were displaced in evacuation shelters across 12 regions. More than 900 people were affected by Tropical Cyclone Gombe, which hit northern Madagascar on 8 March. It is estimated that 300 people were displaced in evacuation centres.?
The cyclone season left displaced people in need of health, water, housing, hygiene, and sanitation services, livelihoods, and NFIs. Floods affected about 60,000 hectares of rice fields, which will result in a below-average harvest in May, negatively impacting both the farmers’ livelihoods and food insecurity levels in the country.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Livelihood: About 80% of people in Madagascar depend on agriculture, but their livelihoods have been disrupted because of a severe cyclone season in 2022, which followed two years of extreme drought. Crops that generate profits such as cloves, coffee, and pepper are affected. In some agricultural areas of the affected regions, it is estimated that 90% of crops will likely fail or have a below-average harvest.?
Shelter: Many houses and huts are damaged because of heavy rain, strong wind, floods, and landslides after the impact of the 2022 cyclone season. Displaced people need shelter kits and emergency shelters. Rehabilitation of damaged or destroyed houses is also needed.?
WASH: Sanitary infrastructure was damaged during the cyclone season. Rehabilitation of water supply systems, hygiene, and sanitation facilities is reportedly needed. Lack of access to clean drinking water will likely put around 50,000 people at health risk, especially IDPs. Purification of contaminated well water is needed.?
Food: Displaced people need hot meals and dry food daily. As some rice fields were flooded twice, and many fruit trees were damaged, the prices of some food items are expected to increase and affect people’s access to food.?