Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Tropical Cyclone Freddy initially struck Madagascar on 21 February 2023, affecting the southeastern region, and then made a second landfall on 4 March in the western part of the country. The cyclone affected nearly 299,000 people and brought devastating effects, with strong winds and heavy rainfall leading to the loss of 17 lives and displacing more than 70,000 people. It also caused significant damage to infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and health facilities, and led to the disruption of education, with the suspension of transportation services also suspending classes in ten regions.?
In January 2023, the country was struck by its first cyclone of the year, Tropical Cyclone Cheneso, resulting in the destruction of schools, the displacement of people, severe damage to infrastructure, and the disruption of livelihoods through cropland destruction.?
During the April–July 2023 period, approximately 1.5 million people (25% of the analysed population) are expected to face severe acute food insecurity – i.e. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse levels – including 50,000 people facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels. The destruction of cropland and loss of livelihoods will likely increase the number of food-insecure people.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.