• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Tropical Cyclone Freddy initially struck Madagascar on 21 February 2023, affecting the southeastern region, and then made a second landfall on 4 March in the western part of the country. The cyclone affected nearly 299,000 people and brought devastating effects, with strong winds and heavy rainfall leading to the loss of 17 lives and displacing more than 70,000 people. It also caused significant damage to infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and health facilities, and led to the disruption of education, with the suspension of transportation services also suspending classes in ten regions.?

In January 2023, the country was struck by its first cyclone of the year, Tropical Cyclone Cheneso, resulting in the destruction of schools, the displacement of people, severe damage to infrastructure, and the disruption of livelihoods through cropland destruction.?

During the April–July 2023 period, approximately 1.5 million people (25% of the analysed population) are expected to face severe acute food insecurity – i.e. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse levels – including 50,000 people facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels. The destruction of cropland and loss of livelihoods will likely increase the number of food-insecure people.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.